Tumor necrosis (TN) is associated with worse prognosis in several solid cancers. Whether TN predicts poor outcome in natural killer cell/T cell lymphoma (NKTCL) is unclear. We investigated the clinical impact of TN on survival and other novel prognostic parameters in upper aero-digestive tract (UAT) NKTCL of 100 patients with limited stage. TN was significantly associated with poor performance status (p = 0.049), high Korean Prognostic Index score (p = 0.024), high C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (p = 0.003), higher maximum standard uptake value on positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) (p = 0.008) and higher metabolic tumor volume (MTV) on PET/CT (p < 0.001). In univariate and multivariate analyses, progression-free survival and overall survival were independently associated with High MTV status (p = 0.001, p = 0.032), TN (p = 0.018, p = 0.009), local tumor invasiveness (p = 0.007, p = 0.035), complete resection (p = 0.020, p = 0.028) and regional lymph node involvement (p < 0.001, p < 0.001). TN and complete resection are concluded to be novel independent prognostic factors in patients with UAT NKTCL.
- Complete resection
- Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma
- Tumor necrosis