Thermodynamic studies of amino acid-denaturant interactions in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K

Deepti N. Kurhe, Dilip H. Dagade, Jyoti P. Jadhav, Sanjay P. Govindwar, Kesharsingh J. Patil

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As proteins and other biomolecules consisting of amino acid residues require external additives for their dissolution and recrystallization, it is important to have information about how such additives interact with amino acids. Therefore we have studied the interactions of simple model amino acids with the additives urea and guanidine hydrochloride in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K, using vapor pressure osmometry. During the measurements, the concentration of urea was fixed as ∼2 mol·kg-1 and that of guanidine hydrochloride was fixed as ∼1 mol·kg-1 whereas the concentrations of amino acids were varied. The experimental water activity data were processed to get the individual activity coefficients of all the three components in the ternary mixture. Further, the activity coefficients were used to get the excess Gibbs energies of solutions and Gibbs energies for transfer of either amino acids from water to aqueous denaturant solutions or denaturant from water to aqueous amino acid solutions. An application of the McMillan-Mayer theory of solutions through virial expansion of transfer Gibbs energies was made to get pair and triplet interaction parameter whose sign and magnitude yielded information about amino acid-denaturant interactions, relative to their interactions with water. The pair interaction parameters have been further used to obtain salting constants and in turn the thermodynamic equilibrium constant values for the amino acid-denaturant mixing process in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. The results have been explained in terms of hydrophobic hydration, hydrophobic interactions and amino acid-denaturant binding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1596-1617
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Solution Chemistry
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011 Sep 1

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Thermodynamics
amino acids
aqueous solutions
Amino Acids
thermodynamics
interactions
Gibbs free energy
guanidines
Water
Energy Transfer
Activity coefficients
Guanidine
hydrochlorides
ureas
water
Urea
Osmometry
Vapor Pressure
Equilibrium constants
Biomolecules

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • Hydrophobic effect
  • Hydrophobic hydration
  • Osmometry
  • Protein denaturant
  • Thermodynamic equilibrium constant

Cite this

Kurhe, Deepti N. ; Dagade, Dilip H. ; Jadhav, Jyoti P. ; Govindwar, Sanjay P. ; Patil, Kesharsingh J. / Thermodynamic studies of amino acid-denaturant interactions in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. In: Journal of Solution Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 40, No. 9. pp. 1596-1617.
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Thermodynamic studies of amino acid-denaturant interactions in aqueous solutions at 298.15 K. / Kurhe, Deepti N.; Dagade, Dilip H.; Jadhav, Jyoti P.; Govindwar, Sanjay P.; Patil, Kesharsingh J.

In: Journal of Solution Chemistry, Vol. 40, No. 9, 01.09.2011, p. 1596-1617.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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