Study Objective: To determine the most suitable effect-site concentration of remifentanil during lightwand intubation when administered with a target-controlled infusion (TCI) of propofol at 4.0 μg/mL without neuromuscular blockade. Design: Prospective study using a modified Dixon's up-and-down method. Setting: Operating room of an academic hospital. Patients: 28 ASA physical status 1 and 2 patients, aged 18-65 years, scheduled for minor elective surgery. Interventions: Anesthesia was induced by TCI propofol effect-site concentration to 4.0 μg/mL, and the dose of remifentanil given to each patient was determined by the response of the previously tested patient using 0.2 ng/mL as a step size. The first patient was tested at a target effect-site concentration of 4.0 ng/mL of remifentanil. If intubation was successful, the remifentanil dose was decreased by 0.2 ng/mL; if it failed, the remifentanil dose was increased by 0.2 ng/mL. Successful intubation was defined as excellent or good intubating conditions. Measurements and Main Results: The remifentanil effect-site concentration was measured. The optimal effect-site concentration of remifentanil for lightwand tracheal intubation during propofol induction using 2% propofol target effect-site concentration to 4 μg/mL was 2.16 ± 0.19 ng/mL. From probit analysis, the effect-site concentration of remifentanil required for successful lightwand intubation in 50% (EC50) and 95% (EC95) of adults was 2.11 ng/mL (95% CI 1.16-2.37 ng/mL) and 2.44 ng/mL (95% CI 2.20-3.79 ng/mL), respectively. Conclusion: A remifentanil effect-site concentration of 2.16 ± 0.19 ng/mL given before a propofol effect-site concentration of 4 μg/mL allowed lightwand intubation without muscle relaxant.
- Effect-site concentrations
- Equipment and supplies