The mixed former effect in lithium borophosphate oxynitride thin film electrolytes for all-solid-state micro-batteries

Yongsub Yoon, Chanhwi Park, Junghoon Kim, Dongwook Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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The mixed former effect of boron and phosphorus is applied to improve chemical stability and electro-chemical property of thin film electrolyte based on lithium phosphorus oxynitride (LiPON). This thinfilm with new composition 'lithium borophosphate oxynitride (LiBPON)' is deposited by RF magnetronsputtering with double targets of Li3PO4and Li3BO4. When boron content is varied by controlling the RFpower on Li3PO4and Li3BO4targets, boron ions successfully replace the four-coordinated phosphorus.Raman spectra and N 1s XPS spectra of this new electrolyte reveal that three-coordinated nitrogen atoms(P-N < P) are dominant in glass network, which distinguishes from LiPON films without the B P mixedformer effect. The improved electrochemical properties and chemical stability of LiBPON film endow all-solid-state thin film cells (LiCoO2/LiBPON/Li) excellent cycling performances with the initial capacity of 34.5 μAh cm-2and the cycling efficiency and 95.3% of its initial capacity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-151
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jan 1



  • All-solid-state thin film batteries
  • Li-ion conducting electrolytes
  • Lithium borophosphate oxynitride
  • Mixed former effects

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