Targeted cytochrome P450 3045C1 (CYP3045C1) gene mutation via CRISPR-Cas9 ribonucleoproteins in the marine rotifer Brachionus koreanus

Duck Hyun Kim, Jihyeon Yu, Jun Chul Park, Chang Bum Jeong, Sangsu Bae, Jae Seong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The CRISPR-Cas9 system has revolutionized genetic engineering and has been applied in numerous model organisms to date. To examine the capacity of the CRISPR-Cas9 system for generation of mutants in the marine rotifer Brachionus koreanus, we electroporated purified Cas9 proteins fused with GFP (Cas9-GFP) into rotifers. A dose-dependent increase in green fluorescent signal was highly detected in ovary and eggs. The purified Cas9-GFP proteins showed sustained fluorescence signals in rotifers at 24 h after electroporation, which also suggests stability of Cas9 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) and the possibility of Cas9-mediated gene editing in rotifers. We electroporated B. koreanus with the wild-type Cas9 and single-guide RNAs targeting the endogenous Bk-CYP3045C1 gene and observed different insertion and deletion (indel) mutation profiles near the DNA cleavage sites using targeted deep sequencing. Although the indel rates were low in several salinity conditions (0.30% in 1 psu and 0.20% in 2 psu), these results confirm successful Cas9 RNP-induced mutations. Our results confirm that CRISPR-Cas9 can be applied to generate diverse mutants to demonstrate the functional roles of genes in rotifers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-128
Number of pages12
JournalHydrobiologia
Volume844
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019 Nov 1

Keywords

  • Bk-CYP3045C1 gene
  • Brachionus koreanus
  • CRISPR-Cas9
  • Electroporation
  • Marine rotifer

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