Surgical ligation on significant patent ductus arteriosus in very low birth weight infants

Comparison between early and late ligations

Jun Ho Lee, Sun Kyun Ro, Hyun Ju Lee, Hyun Kyung Park, Won-Sang Chung, Young Hak Kim, Jeong Ho Kang, Hyuck Kim

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of early surgical ligation (within 15 days of age) over late surgical ligation (after 15 days of age) by a comparative analysis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants undergoing surgical correction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over the course of 6 years in our hospital. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all the medical records in the neonatal intensive care unit at Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, from March 2007 to May 2013, to identify VLBW infants (<1,500 g) who underwent surgical PDA ligation. Results: The gestational age (GA) in the late ligation (LL) group was significantly younger than in the early ligation (EL) group (p=0.010). The other baseline characteristics and preoperative conditions did not differ significantly between the two groups. The intubation period before surgery (p<0.001) and the age at surgery (p<0.001) were significantly different. The postoperative clinical outcomes of the study patients, including major morbidity and mortality, are summarized. There were no significant differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, or mortality between the EL and the LL groups. However, the LL group was significantly associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (p=0.037) and with a prolonged duration of the total parenteral nutrition (p=0.046) after adjusting for GA. Conclusion: Early surgical ligation for the treatment of PDA that failed to close after medical treatment or in cases contraindicated for medical treatment might be desirable to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and to alleviate feeding intolerance in preterm infants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-450
Number of pages7
JournalKorean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume47
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Very Low Birth Weight Infant
Patent Ductus Arteriosus
Ligation
Necrotizing Enterocolitis
Gestational Age
Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Mortality
Total Parenteral Nutrition
Neonatal Intensive Care Units
Intubation
Premature Infants
Medical Records
Sepsis
Therapeutics
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Morbidity
Safety
Incidence

Keywords

  • Congenital heart disease (CHD)
  • Infant
  • Outcomes

Cite this

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title = "Surgical ligation on significant patent ductus arteriosus in very low birth weight infants: Comparison between early and late ligations",
abstract = "Background: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of early surgical ligation (within 15 days of age) over late surgical ligation (after 15 days of age) by a comparative analysis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants undergoing surgical correction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over the course of 6 years in our hospital. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all the medical records in the neonatal intensive care unit at Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, from March 2007 to May 2013, to identify VLBW infants (<1,500 g) who underwent surgical PDA ligation. Results: The gestational age (GA) in the late ligation (LL) group was significantly younger than in the early ligation (EL) group (p=0.010). The other baseline characteristics and preoperative conditions did not differ significantly between the two groups. The intubation period before surgery (p<0.001) and the age at surgery (p<0.001) were significantly different. The postoperative clinical outcomes of the study patients, including major morbidity and mortality, are summarized. There were no significant differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, or mortality between the EL and the LL groups. However, the LL group was significantly associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (p=0.037) and with a prolonged duration of the total parenteral nutrition (p=0.046) after adjusting for GA. Conclusion: Early surgical ligation for the treatment of PDA that failed to close after medical treatment or in cases contraindicated for medical treatment might be desirable to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and to alleviate feeding intolerance in preterm infants.",
keywords = "Congenital heart disease (CHD), Infant, Outcomes",
author = "Lee, {Jun Ho} and Ro, {Sun Kyun} and Lee, {Hyun Ju} and Park, {Hyun Kyung} and Won-Sang Chung and Kim, {Young Hak} and Kang, {Jeong Ho} and Hyuck Kim",
year = "2014",
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language = "English",
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T1 - Surgical ligation on significant patent ductus arteriosus in very low birth weight infants

T2 - Comparison between early and late ligations

AU - Lee, Jun Ho

AU - Ro, Sun Kyun

AU - Lee, Hyun Ju

AU - Park, Hyun Kyung

AU - Chung, Won-Sang

AU - Kim, Young Hak

AU - Kang, Jeong Ho

AU - Kim, Hyuck

PY - 2014/1/1

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N2 - Background: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of early surgical ligation (within 15 days of age) over late surgical ligation (after 15 days of age) by a comparative analysis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants undergoing surgical correction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over the course of 6 years in our hospital. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all the medical records in the neonatal intensive care unit at Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, from March 2007 to May 2013, to identify VLBW infants (<1,500 g) who underwent surgical PDA ligation. Results: The gestational age (GA) in the late ligation (LL) group was significantly younger than in the early ligation (EL) group (p=0.010). The other baseline characteristics and preoperative conditions did not differ significantly between the two groups. The intubation period before surgery (p<0.001) and the age at surgery (p<0.001) were significantly different. The postoperative clinical outcomes of the study patients, including major morbidity and mortality, are summarized. There were no significant differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, or mortality between the EL and the LL groups. However, the LL group was significantly associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (p=0.037) and with a prolonged duration of the total parenteral nutrition (p=0.046) after adjusting for GA. Conclusion: Early surgical ligation for the treatment of PDA that failed to close after medical treatment or in cases contraindicated for medical treatment might be desirable to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and to alleviate feeding intolerance in preterm infants.

AB - Background: We aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of early surgical ligation (within 15 days of age) over late surgical ligation (after 15 days of age) by a comparative analysis of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants undergoing surgical correction for symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) over the course of 6 years in our hospital. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed all the medical records in the neonatal intensive care unit at Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, from March 2007 to May 2013, to identify VLBW infants (<1,500 g) who underwent surgical PDA ligation. Results: The gestational age (GA) in the late ligation (LL) group was significantly younger than in the early ligation (EL) group (p=0.010). The other baseline characteristics and preoperative conditions did not differ significantly between the two groups. The intubation period before surgery (p<0.001) and the age at surgery (p<0.001) were significantly different. The postoperative clinical outcomes of the study patients, including major morbidity and mortality, are summarized. There were no significant differences in bronchopulmonary dysplasia, sepsis, or mortality between the EL and the LL groups. However, the LL group was significantly associated with an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (p=0.037) and with a prolonged duration of the total parenteral nutrition (p=0.046) after adjusting for GA. Conclusion: Early surgical ligation for the treatment of PDA that failed to close after medical treatment or in cases contraindicated for medical treatment might be desirable to reduce the incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis and to alleviate feeding intolerance in preterm infants.

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