Prevention of withdrawal associated with the injection of rocuronium in adults and children

Kyo S. Kim, Young S. Kim, Woo Jae Jeon, Jong Hun Yeom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective: To determine which technique prevents the withdrawal associated with rocuronium administration in adults and children. Design: Blinded, randomized, prospective trial. Setting: This study was set at an inpatient anesthesia in a university teaching hospital. Patients: 200 adult patients (aged 19-63 years) and 150 children (aged 2-9 years) undergoing elective surgery requiring endotracheal intubation. Interventions: Four groups in adult and 3 groups in children of 50 patients each were investigated. In adult study, control groups with free intravenous (IV) flow (C-F) or the occlusion of IV flow (C-O) received saline as the pretreatment of rocuronium; lidocaine groups with free IV flow (L-F) or the occlusion of IV flow (L-O) received lidocaine as the pretreatment of rocuronium, preceded by thiopental 5 seconds before. In children study, groups P and L received saline and lidocaine as the pretreatment of rocuronium, respectively, and group S received rocuronium mixed with sodium bicarbonate after the pretreatment of placebo preceded by thiopental. Measurements and Main Results: The patient's response to rocuronium injection was graded using a 4-point scale. The pH and osmolality of treatment solution were measured. The incidence of no movement after rocuronium was 96% in L-O, 46% in L-F, 26% in C-O, and 18% in C-F in adult and 96% in S, 58% in L, and 8% in P in children. Conclusions: Withdrawal after rocuronium can be eliminated by the pretreatment of lidocaine during the occlusion of the IV flow in adults and addition of sodium bicarbonate in children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)334-338
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Anesthesia
Volume18
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006 Aug 1

Keywords

  • Anesthesia, general
  • Movement, injection
  • Neuromuscular blocking agent: rocuronium

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Prevention of withdrawal associated with the injection of rocuronium in adults and children'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this