Prevalence, genetic relatedness and antibiotic resistance of hospital-acquired clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains

Mi Ran Seo, Jieun Kim, Yangsoon Lee, Dong Gyun Lim, Hyunjoo Pai

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major healthcare-associated infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness of the endemic C. difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains in an institution and changes to their characteristics during a five-year period. A total of 207 isolates from inpatients at Hanyang University Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were analysed using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of several antibiotics were determined. In total, 204 (98.6%) were genetically related, with a summed tandem-repeat distance (STRD) ≤ 10. Minimum-spanning-tree analysis identified 78 MLVA types, categorized into six clonal complexes (CCs). The largest cluster, CC-I, included 51 MLVA types from 148 isolates (71.5%) and the second largest cluster, CC-II, included 10 MLVA types from 36 isolates (17.4%). Resistance rates for antibiotics were: clindamycin (CLI), 97.6%; moxifloxacin (MXF), 98.6%; vancomycin (VAN), 1.4%; and rifaximin (RFX), 8.2%. All isolates were susceptible to piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) and metronidazole (MTZ). Comparing the MICs of antibiotics for the isolates each year from 2009 to 2013, MICs of antibiotics that promote CDI, such as CLI, MXF, TZP and RFX, increased over the five-year period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001, and <0.0001 respectively); however, MICs of VAN or MTZ, antibiotics for treatment of CDI, did not increase or decreased over the same time period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: 0.166, <0.0001). C. difficile RT018 isolates in a tertiary hospital over a five-year period presented a close clonal relationship. MICs of antibiotics promoting CDI increased with this clonal expansion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)762-767
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018 May 1

Fingerprint

Ribotyping
Clostridium difficile
Microbial Drug Resistance
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Clostridium Infections
Minisatellite Repeats
Polymerase Chain Reaction
rifaximin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Clindamycin
Metronidazole
Vancomycin
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Cross Infection
Tertiary Care Centers
Inpatients

Keywords

  • Antimicrobials
  • Clostridium difficile
  • MLVA
  • Minimum inhibitory concentration
  • PCR ribotype 018

Cite this

@article{3eb680a0684549d6b7072d970c08c080,
title = "Prevalence, genetic relatedness and antibiotic resistance of hospital-acquired clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains",
abstract = "Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major healthcare-associated infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness of the endemic C. difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains in an institution and changes to their characteristics during a five-year period. A total of 207 isolates from inpatients at Hanyang University Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were analysed using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of several antibiotics were determined. In total, 204 (98.6{\%}) were genetically related, with a summed tandem-repeat distance (STRD) ≤ 10. Minimum-spanning-tree analysis identified 78 MLVA types, categorized into six clonal complexes (CCs). The largest cluster, CC-I, included 51 MLVA types from 148 isolates (71.5{\%}) and the second largest cluster, CC-II, included 10 MLVA types from 36 isolates (17.4{\%}). Resistance rates for antibiotics were: clindamycin (CLI), 97.6{\%}; moxifloxacin (MXF), 98.6{\%}; vancomycin (VAN), 1.4{\%}; and rifaximin (RFX), 8.2{\%}. All isolates were susceptible to piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) and metronidazole (MTZ). Comparing the MICs of antibiotics for the isolates each year from 2009 to 2013, MICs of antibiotics that promote CDI, such as CLI, MXF, TZP and RFX, increased over the five-year period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001, and <0.0001 respectively); however, MICs of VAN or MTZ, antibiotics for treatment of CDI, did not increase or decreased over the same time period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: 0.166, <0.0001). C. difficile RT018 isolates in a tertiary hospital over a five-year period presented a close clonal relationship. MICs of antibiotics promoting CDI increased with this clonal expansion.",
keywords = "Antimicrobials, Clostridium difficile, MLVA, Minimum inhibitory concentration, PCR ribotype 018",
author = "Seo, {Mi Ran} and Jieun Kim and Yangsoon Lee and Lim, {Dong Gyun} and Hyunjoo Pai",
year = "2018",
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T1 - Prevalence, genetic relatedness and antibiotic resistance of hospital-acquired clostridium difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains

AU - Seo, Mi Ran

AU - Kim, Jieun

AU - Lee, Yangsoon

AU - Lim, Dong Gyun

AU - Pai, Hyunjoo

PY - 2018/5/1

Y1 - 2018/5/1

N2 - Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major healthcare-associated infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness of the endemic C. difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains in an institution and changes to their characteristics during a five-year period. A total of 207 isolates from inpatients at Hanyang University Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were analysed using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of several antibiotics were determined. In total, 204 (98.6%) were genetically related, with a summed tandem-repeat distance (STRD) ≤ 10. Minimum-spanning-tree analysis identified 78 MLVA types, categorized into six clonal complexes (CCs). The largest cluster, CC-I, included 51 MLVA types from 148 isolates (71.5%) and the second largest cluster, CC-II, included 10 MLVA types from 36 isolates (17.4%). Resistance rates for antibiotics were: clindamycin (CLI), 97.6%; moxifloxacin (MXF), 98.6%; vancomycin (VAN), 1.4%; and rifaximin (RFX), 8.2%. All isolates were susceptible to piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) and metronidazole (MTZ). Comparing the MICs of antibiotics for the isolates each year from 2009 to 2013, MICs of antibiotics that promote CDI, such as CLI, MXF, TZP and RFX, increased over the five-year period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001, and <0.0001 respectively); however, MICs of VAN or MTZ, antibiotics for treatment of CDI, did not increase or decreased over the same time period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: 0.166, <0.0001). C. difficile RT018 isolates in a tertiary hospital over a five-year period presented a close clonal relationship. MICs of antibiotics promoting CDI increased with this clonal expansion.

AB - Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is a major healthcare-associated infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness of the endemic C. difficile PCR ribotype 018 strains in an institution and changes to their characteristics during a five-year period. A total of 207 isolates from inpatients at Hanyang University Hospital from 2009 to 2013 were analysed using multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA). Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of several antibiotics were determined. In total, 204 (98.6%) were genetically related, with a summed tandem-repeat distance (STRD) ≤ 10. Minimum-spanning-tree analysis identified 78 MLVA types, categorized into six clonal complexes (CCs). The largest cluster, CC-I, included 51 MLVA types from 148 isolates (71.5%) and the second largest cluster, CC-II, included 10 MLVA types from 36 isolates (17.4%). Resistance rates for antibiotics were: clindamycin (CLI), 97.6%; moxifloxacin (MXF), 98.6%; vancomycin (VAN), 1.4%; and rifaximin (RFX), 8.2%. All isolates were susceptible to piperacillin/tazobactam (TZP) and metronidazole (MTZ). Comparing the MICs of antibiotics for the isolates each year from 2009 to 2013, MICs of antibiotics that promote CDI, such as CLI, MXF, TZP and RFX, increased over the five-year period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: < 0.0001, <0.0001, <0.0001, and <0.0001 respectively); however, MICs of VAN or MTZ, antibiotics for treatment of CDI, did not increase or decreased over the same time period (P–value by Kruskal-Wallis test: 0.166, <0.0001). C. difficile RT018 isolates in a tertiary hospital over a five-year period presented a close clonal relationship. MICs of antibiotics promoting CDI increased with this clonal expansion.

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