Preparation of starch-g-polystyrene copolymer by emulsion polymerization

Chang Gi Cho, Kiho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

86 Scopus citations

Abstract

Styrene was graft copolymerized onto native corn starch by emulsion polymerization, using potassium persulfate (KPS) as an initiator, sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS) as an emulsifier, and tetraethylthiuram disulfide (TETDS) as a chain transfer agent. As the reaction time and the emulsifier concentration increased, graft percent (GP) was increased. With the increase of TETDS concentration, GP was decreased. When the corn starch was pre-heated in water, or when the reaction mixture was post-reacted at 80°C, higher GP values were obtained. The molecular weight of the grafted polystyrene showed a certain relationship with the variation of GP. The particle size of the starch in the grafted starch was reduced by pre-heating or by post-reaction heating.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-130
Number of pages6
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002 May 1

Keywords

  • Corn starch
  • Emulsion polymerization
  • Graft copolymer
  • Styrene

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