Preparation of carbon-coated TiO2 nanostructures for lithium-ion batteries

Sang Jun Park, Hansu Kim, Young Jun Kim, Hyukjae Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon-coated TiO2 one-dimensional nanostructures are synthesized by hydrothermal reaction followed by post-calcination at various temperatures. Post-calcination induces crystallization of TiO2 and the complete crystallization of anatase phase is observed at 600 °C of the calcination temperature. Carbon-coated TiO2 nanostructures show relatively poor crystallinity as compared with the pristine counterparts, but their lithiation capacity and high rate capability are improved throughout all calcination temperatures. The coated carbon suppresses severe agglomeration of TiO2 nanotubes which allows easy access of Li-ions and electrons to the whole surface of primary nanotubes, leading to the better lithiation performance. Higher calcination temperatures cause excessive growth of nanotube walls, leading to the collapse of tubular morphology and deterioration of lithiation performance. At 700 °C of the calcination temperature, the enhanced electronic conductivity from the graphitization of the coated carbon seems to be the main reason for the improved capacity of TiO2 nanowires.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5355-5362
Number of pages8
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume56
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Carbon coating
  • Hydrothermal reaction
  • Lithium-ion batteries
  • Nanostructures
  • Titanium dioxide

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