Phenotypes of flavin-containing monooxygenase activity determined by ranitidine N-oxidation are positively correlated with genotypes of linked FMO3 gene mutations in a Korean population

Ju Hee Kang, Woon Gye Chung, Kyung Hoon Lee, Chang Shin Park, Ju Seop Kang, In Chul Shin, Hyung Keun Roh, Mi Sook Dong, Hyun Moon Baek, Young Nam Cha

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Abstract

A non-invasive urine analysis method to determine the in-vive flavin-containing monooxygenase (FMO) activity catalysing N-oxidation of ranitidine (RA) was developed and used to phenotype a Korean population. FMO activity was assessed by the molar concentration ratio of RA and RANO in the bulked 8 h urine. This method was used to determine the FMO phenotypes of 210 Korean volunteers (173 men and 37 women, 110 nonsmokers and 100 smokers). Urinary RA/RANO ratio, representing the metabolic ratio and the reciprocal index of FMO activity, ranged from 5.67-27.20 (4.8-fold difference) and was not different between men and women (P = 0.76) or between smokers and nonsmokers (P = 0.50). The frequencies of RA/RANO ratios were distributed in a trimodal fashion. Among the 210 Korean subjects, 93 (44.3%) were fast metabolizers, 104 (49.5%) were intermediate metabolizers and 13 (6.2%) were slow metabolizers. Subsequently, the relationship between the ranitidine N-oxidation phenotypes and FMO3 genotypes, determined by the presence of two previewsly identified mutant alleles (Glu158Lys: FMO3/Lys158 and Glu308Gly: FMO3/Gly308 alleles) commonly found in our Korean population was examined. The results showed that subjects who were homozygous and heterozygous for either one or both of the FMO3/Lys158 and FMO3/Gly308 mutant alleles had significantly lower in-vivo FMO activities than those with homozygous wild-type alleles (FMO3/Glu158 and FMO3/Glu308) (P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U-test). Furthermore, the FMO activities of subjects with either FMO3/Lys158 or FMO3/Gly308 mutant alleles were almost identical to those having both FMO3 mutant alleles (FMO3/Lys158 and FMO3/Gly308). These two mutant alleles located, respectively, at exons 4 and 7 in the FMO3 gene appeared to be strongly linked by cis-configuration in Koreans. Therefore, we concluded that presence of FMO3/Lys158 and FMO3/Gly308 mutant alleles in FMO3 gene is responsible for the low ranitidine N-oxidation (FMO3 activity) in our Korean population. (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-78
Number of pages12
JournalPharmacogenetics
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000 Mar 22

Keywords

  • FMO3
  • Genotype
  • Korean
  • Linkage
  • Phenotype
  • Ranitidine

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