Passive-filter-configuration-based reduction of up-to-several-hundred-MHz EMI noises in H-Bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuits

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Recently, H-bridge pulse width modulation (PWM) micro-stepping motor drivers have been widely used for 3-D printers, robots, and medical instruments. Differently from a simple PWM motor driver circuit, the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit can generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic interference (EMI) noises of up to several hundred MHz frequencies, due to digital interface circuits and a high-performance CPU. For medical instrument systems, the minimization of EMI noises can assure operating safety and greatly reduce the chance of malfunction between instruments. This work proposes a passive-filter configuration-based circuit design for reducing upto- several-hundred-MHz EMI noises generated from the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit. More specifically, the proposed RF EMI reduction approach consists of proper passive filter design, shielding in motor wires, and common ground design in the print circuit board. The proposed passive filter configuration design is validated through the overall reduction of EMI noises at RF band. Finally, the proposed EMI reduction approach is tested experientially through a prototype and about 16 dB average reduction of RF EMI noises is demonstrated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)104-111
Number of pages8
JournalIEICE Transactions on Electronics
VolumeE101C
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Passive filters
Stepping motors
Signal interference
Pulse width modulation
Networks (circuits)
3D printers
Shielding
Frequency bands
Interfaces (computer)
Program processors
Wire
Robots

Keywords

  • Pulse width modulation (PWM)
  • Radio frequency electromagnetic interference (RF EMI)

Cite this

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title = "Passive-filter-configuration-based reduction of up-to-several-hundred-MHz EMI noises in H-Bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuits",
abstract = "Recently, H-bridge pulse width modulation (PWM) micro-stepping motor drivers have been widely used for 3-D printers, robots, and medical instruments. Differently from a simple PWM motor driver circuit, the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit can generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic interference (EMI) noises of up to several hundred MHz frequencies, due to digital interface circuits and a high-performance CPU. For medical instrument systems, the minimization of EMI noises can assure operating safety and greatly reduce the chance of malfunction between instruments. This work proposes a passive-filter configuration-based circuit design for reducing upto- several-hundred-MHz EMI noises generated from the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit. More specifically, the proposed RF EMI reduction approach consists of proper passive filter design, shielding in motor wires, and common ground design in the print circuit board. The proposed passive filter configuration design is validated through the overall reduction of EMI noises at RF band. Finally, the proposed EMI reduction approach is tested experientially through a prototype and about 16 dB average reduction of RF EMI noises is demonstrated.",
keywords = "Pulse width modulation (PWM), Radio frequency electromagnetic interference (RF EMI)",
author = "Keonil Kang and Kyung-Young Jung and Nam, {Sang Won}",
year = "2018",
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N2 - Recently, H-bridge pulse width modulation (PWM) micro-stepping motor drivers have been widely used for 3-D printers, robots, and medical instruments. Differently from a simple PWM motor driver circuit, the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit can generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic interference (EMI) noises of up to several hundred MHz frequencies, due to digital interface circuits and a high-performance CPU. For medical instrument systems, the minimization of EMI noises can assure operating safety and greatly reduce the chance of malfunction between instruments. This work proposes a passive-filter configuration-based circuit design for reducing upto- several-hundred-MHz EMI noises generated from the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit. More specifically, the proposed RF EMI reduction approach consists of proper passive filter design, shielding in motor wires, and common ground design in the print circuit board. The proposed passive filter configuration design is validated through the overall reduction of EMI noises at RF band. Finally, the proposed EMI reduction approach is tested experientially through a prototype and about 16 dB average reduction of RF EMI noises is demonstrated.

AB - Recently, H-bridge pulse width modulation (PWM) micro-stepping motor drivers have been widely used for 3-D printers, robots, and medical instruments. Differently from a simple PWM motor driver circuit, the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit can generate radio frequency (RF) electromagnetic interference (EMI) noises of up to several hundred MHz frequencies, due to digital interface circuits and a high-performance CPU. For medical instrument systems, the minimization of EMI noises can assure operating safety and greatly reduce the chance of malfunction between instruments. This work proposes a passive-filter configuration-based circuit design for reducing upto- several-hundred-MHz EMI noises generated from the H-bridge PWM micro-stepping motor driver circuit. More specifically, the proposed RF EMI reduction approach consists of proper passive filter design, shielding in motor wires, and common ground design in the print circuit board. The proposed passive filter configuration design is validated through the overall reduction of EMI noises at RF band. Finally, the proposed EMI reduction approach is tested experientially through a prototype and about 16 dB average reduction of RF EMI noises is demonstrated.

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