Numerical simulation of the coupled turbulent flow and macroscopic solidification in continuous casting with electromagnetic brake

Deok-Soo Kim, Woo-Seung Kim, Kee Hyeon Cho

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A computer program has been developed for analyzing the three-dimensional, steady conservation equations for transport phenomena in a slab continuous casting process with Electromagnetic Brake (EMBr) to investigate the effect of EMBr on the turbulent melt-flow, temperature fields, and macroscopic solidification of the molten metal. The enthalpy-porosity relation was employed to suppress the velocity within a mushy region. A revised low-Reynolds number k-ε turbulence model was used to consider the turbulent effects. The electromagnetic field was described by Maxwell equations. The application of EMBr to the mold region results in the decrease of the transfer of superheat to the narrow face, the increase of temperature in free-surface region and most part of the melt of submold region, and the higher temperature gradients near the solidifying shell. The increasing magnetic flux density has effect mainly on the surface temperature of the solidifying shell at the narrow face, hardly on that at the wide face. It is seen that in the presence of EMBr, a thicker solidifying shell is obtained at the narrow face of slab.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)670-676
Number of pages7
JournalISIJ International
Volume40
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000 Jan 1

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Continuous casting
Brakes
Turbulent flow
Solidification
Computer simulation
Maxwell equations
Magnetic flux
Turbulence models
Liquid metals
Thermal gradients
Electromagnetic fields
Computer program listings
Enthalpy
Conservation
Temperature distribution
Reynolds number
Porosity
Temperature

Cite this

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abstract = "A computer program has been developed for analyzing the three-dimensional, steady conservation equations for transport phenomena in a slab continuous casting process with Electromagnetic Brake (EMBr) to investigate the effect of EMBr on the turbulent melt-flow, temperature fields, and macroscopic solidification of the molten metal. The enthalpy-porosity relation was employed to suppress the velocity within a mushy region. A revised low-Reynolds number k-ε turbulence model was used to consider the turbulent effects. The electromagnetic field was described by Maxwell equations. The application of EMBr to the mold region results in the decrease of the transfer of superheat to the narrow face, the increase of temperature in free-surface region and most part of the melt of submold region, and the higher temperature gradients near the solidifying shell. The increasing magnetic flux density has effect mainly on the surface temperature of the solidifying shell at the narrow face, hardly on that at the wide face. It is seen that in the presence of EMBr, a thicker solidifying shell is obtained at the narrow face of slab.",
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N2 - A computer program has been developed for analyzing the three-dimensional, steady conservation equations for transport phenomena in a slab continuous casting process with Electromagnetic Brake (EMBr) to investigate the effect of EMBr on the turbulent melt-flow, temperature fields, and macroscopic solidification of the molten metal. The enthalpy-porosity relation was employed to suppress the velocity within a mushy region. A revised low-Reynolds number k-ε turbulence model was used to consider the turbulent effects. The electromagnetic field was described by Maxwell equations. The application of EMBr to the mold region results in the decrease of the transfer of superheat to the narrow face, the increase of temperature in free-surface region and most part of the melt of submold region, and the higher temperature gradients near the solidifying shell. The increasing magnetic flux density has effect mainly on the surface temperature of the solidifying shell at the narrow face, hardly on that at the wide face. It is seen that in the presence of EMBr, a thicker solidifying shell is obtained at the narrow face of slab.

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