Mononuclear cells from the cord blood and granulocytecolony stimulating factor-mobilized peripheral blood: Is there a potential for treatment of cerebral palsy?

Hani Koh, Kyoujung Hwang, Hae Young Lim, Yong Joo Kim, Young Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

To investigate a possible therapeutic mechanism of cell therapy in the field of cerebral palsy using granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood mononuclear cells (mPBMCs), we compared the expression of inflammatory cytokines and neurotrophic factors in PBMCs and mPBMCs from children with cerebral palsy to those from healthy adult donors and to cord blood mononuclear cells donated from healthy newborns. No significant differences in expression of neurotrophic factors were found between PBMCs and mPBMCs. However, in cerebral palsy children, the expression of interleukin-6 was significantly increased in mPBMCs as compared to PBMCs, and the expression of interleukin-3 was significantly decreased in mPBMCs as compared to PBMCs. In healthy adults, the expression levels of both interleukin-1β and interleukin- 6 were significantly increased in mPBMCs as compared to PBMCs. The expression of brain-derived neurotrophic factors in mPBMC from cerebral palsy children was significantly higher than that in the cord blood or mPBMCs from healthy adults. The expression of G-CSF in mPBMCs from cerebral palsy children was comparable to that in the cord blood but significantly higher than that in mPBMCs from healthy adults. Lower expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-1β, interleukin-3, and -6) and higher expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin-8 and interleukin-9) were observed from the cord blood and mPBMCs from cerebral palsy children rather than from healthy adults. These findings indicate that mPBMCs from cerebral palsy and cord blood mononuclear cells from healthy newborns have the potential to become seed cells for treatment of cerebral palsy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2018-2024
Number of pages7
JournalNeural Regeneration Research
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015 Dec

Keywords

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Children
  • Cord blood
  • G-CSF mobilized peripheral blood
  • Inflammatory cytokines
  • Mononuclear cell
  • Neural regeneration
  • Neurotrophic factors

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