Modeling and Analysis of Multichannel Drive-Thru Internet Systems and Performance Improvement

Shengbin Cao, Dongho Choi, Janghyuk Yim, Sang Sun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Recently, the interest regarding Drive-thru Internet systems has been rapidly arising in industrial and academic fields in view of the widespread adoption of IEEE 802.11 networks and its great potential to provide cost-effective Internet access. Drive-thru Internet systems are multiple-access wireless networks in which users in moving vehicles request/receive services such as digital map update and MP3 download to/from a Road Side Unit (RSU) as the vehicles pass through the coverage range of the RSU. For the purpose of efficiently supporting various services, Wireless Access in Vehicular Environment (WAVE), which is the standard for VANETs communications, specifies multichannel utilization, where the overall bandwidth is subdivided into seven channels, namely, one Control Channel (CCH) and six Service Channels (SCHs). However, originally designed for quasi-static single-channel-based small-scale indoor applications, the performance of IEEE 802.11 in the outdoor vehicular environment, where a large number of fast-moving vehicles simultaneously contend for channel access in the multichannel environment, is still unclear. In this article, a unified analytical framework is established to study the performance of multichannel Drive-thru Internet systems. Specifically, taking account of channel access contention of vehicles and power reception probability of an RSU, the message arrival rate at the RSU on the uplink channel (i.e., CCH) is derived. Then, a multiserver queueing model, which plays the role of a bridge connecting the uplink and downlink (i.e., SCHs) communications, is developed for the purpose of accurately capturing the dynamics of the multichannel environment. Based on the developed framework, it can be noticed that as the intensity of channel contention increases, the saturated throughput of SCHs decreases rapidly, and the system becomes unstable due to the reason that vehicles have to wait for a very large amount of time to receive the requested service messages, or even worse, cannot receive the messages before leaving the coverage of RSU. In order to keep the throughput at the maximum level regardless of the channel contention intensity while maintaining the system stability, we propose a centralized coordination mechanism. Simulation experiments are carried out to validate the accuracy of the developed analytical framework and the effectiveness of the proposed centralized coordination mechanism.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9160922
Pages (from-to)151437-151451
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Access
StatePublished - 2020


  • Drive-thru network
  • IEEE 802.11 DCF
  • Performance modeling
  • performance analysis
  • vehicular ad-hoc networks (VANETs)


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