Microbial Electro-Remediation (MER) of hazardous waste in aid of sustainable energy generation and resource recovery

K. Chandrasekhar, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, S. Venkata Mohan, Ashok Pandey, Byong Hun Jeon, Min Jang, Sang Hyoun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In recent years, bioelectrochemical hybrid technology has emerged as an alternative energy conversion device for bioelectricity generation with concurrent waste remediation. The major attractions of this bioelectrochemical technology are eco-friendly nature, energy-saving, and energy transformation with reduced sludge generation. A wide variety of substrates, including complex wastewater, can be employed as a potential substrate to operate the bioelectrochemical cells (BEC). Hence, microbial electro-remediation technologies are aimed towards the enhancement of the metabolic activity of electrochemically active biocatalyst by supplying organic/inorganic nutrients, electron acceptors, or donors, thus stimulating oxidation or reduction of contaminants. In this regard, BEC has gained much attention, in which the control environment is feasible by means of electrical current/voltage that serves as a donor or acceptor for hazardous waste remediation. In the present review, we mainly emphasize the developments and advancements of microbial electro-remediation technologies in the direction of complex hazardous waste remediation. We reviewed and discussed various BEC mediated complex pollutants remediation (ex: aromatics, dye, nitrogen compounds, heavy metals etc.) and its limitations. In conclusion, the future perspectives in the BEC for bioenergy generation with concurrent waste remediation are proposed through numerous aspects and approaches to afford clean energy and the environment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100997
JournalEnvironmental Technology and Innovation
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020 Aug

Keywords

  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Bioelectrochemical system
  • Electron transfer
  • Metal recovery
  • Microbial fuel cells

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