Magnesium/aluminum layered double hydroxides intercalated with starch for effective adsorptive removal of anionic dyes

Aman Grover, Irshad Mohiuddin, Ashok Kumar Malik, Jatinder Singh Aulakh, Kumar Vikrant, Ki Hyun Kim, Richard J.C. Brown

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this research, the adsorptive performance of a starch-magnesium/aluminum layered double hydroxide (S-Mg/Al LDH) composite was investigated for different organic dyes in single-component systems by conducting a series of batch mode experiments. S-Mg/Al LDH composite showed preferential adsorption of anionic dyes than cationic dyes. The marked impact of key process variables (e.g., contact time, adsorbent dosage, pH, and temperature) on its adsorption was investigated. Multiple isotherms, kinetics, and thermodynamic models were applied to describe adsorption behavior, diffusion, and uptake rates of the organic dyes over S-Mg/Al LDH composite. A better fitting of the non-linear Langmuir model reflects the predominance of monolayered adsorption of dye molecules on the composite surface. Partition coefficients (mg g−1 μM−1) for S-Mg/Al LDH were observed in the following descending order: Amaranth (665) > Tartrazine (186) > Sunset yellow (71) > Eosin yellow (65). Furthermore, comparative evaluation of the adsorption enthalpy, entropy, and Gibbs free energy values indicates that the adsorption process is spontaneous and exothermic. S-Mg/Al LDH composite maintained a stable adsorption/desorption recycling process over six consecutive cycles with the advantages of low cost, chemical/mechanical stability, and easy recovery. The results of this study are expected to expand the application of modified LDHs toward wastewater treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127454
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
StatePublished - 2022 Feb 15


  • Adsorption
  • Dyes
  • Layered double hydroxides
  • Organic pollutants
  • Wastewater


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