Aluminum nitride (AlN) thin films were grown using thermal atomic layer deposition in the temperature range of 175-350 °C. The thin films were deposited using trimethyl aluminum (TMA) and hydrazine (N2H4) as a metal precursor and nitrogen source, respectively. Highly reactive N2H4, compared to its conventionally used counterpart, ammonia (NH3), provides a higher growth per cycle (GPC), which is approximately 2.3 times higher at a deposition temperature of 300 °C and, also exhibits a low impurity concentration in as-deposited films. Low temperature AlN films deposited at 225 °C with a capping layer had an Al to N composition ratio of 1:1.1, a close to ideal composition ratio, with a low oxygen content (7.5%) while exhibiting a GPC of 0.16 nm/cycle. We suggest that N2H4 as a replacement for NH3 is a good alternative due to its stringent thermal budget.
- Aluminum nitride
- Atomic layer deposition (ALD)
- Trimethyl aluminum (TMA)