Low-cost biodegradation and detoxification of textile Azo Dye C.I. reactive blue 172 by providencia rettgeri strain HSL1

Harshad Lade, Sanjay Govindwar, Diby Paul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Present study focuses on exploitation of agricultural waste wheat bran (WB) as growth medium for degradation of textile azo dye C.I. Reactive Blue 172 (RB 172) using a single bacterium P. rettgeri strain HSL1 (GenBank accession number JX853768.1). The bacterium was found to completely decolorize 50 mg L-1 of dye RB 172 within 20 h at 30 ± 0.2°C under microaerophilic incubation conditions. Additionally, significant reduction in COD (85%) and TOC (52%) contents of dye decolorized medium was observed which suggested its mineralization. Induction in the activities of azoreductase (159%) and NADH-DCIP reductase (88%) provided an evidence for reductive cleavage of dye RB 172. The HPLC, FTIR, and GC-MS analysis of decolorized products confirmed the degradation of dye into various metabolites. The proposed metabolic pathway for biodegradation of RB 172 has been elucidated which showed the formation of 2 intermediate metabolites, namely, 4-(ethenylsulfonyl) aniline and 1-amino-1-(4-aminophenyl) propan-2-one. The acute and phytotoxicity evaluation of degraded metabolites suggests that bacterial strain favors the detoxification of dye RB 172. Thus, WB could be utilized as a low-cost growth medium for the enrichment of bacteria and their further use for biodegradation of azo dyes and its derivatives containing wastes into nontoxic form.

Original languageEnglish
Article number894109
JournalJournal of Chemistry
Volume2015
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015 Jan 1

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Azo Compounds
Detoxification
Biodegradation
Textiles
Coloring Agents
Metabolites
Bacteria
Costs
Degradation
Agricultural wastes
Derivatives

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title = "Low-cost biodegradation and detoxification of textile Azo Dye C.I. reactive blue 172 by providencia rettgeri strain HSL1",
abstract = "Present study focuses on exploitation of agricultural waste wheat bran (WB) as growth medium for degradation of textile azo dye C.I. Reactive Blue 172 (RB 172) using a single bacterium P. rettgeri strain HSL1 (GenBank accession number JX853768.1). The bacterium was found to completely decolorize 50 mg L-1 of dye RB 172 within 20 h at 30 ± 0.2°C under microaerophilic incubation conditions. Additionally, significant reduction in COD (85{\%}) and TOC (52{\%}) contents of dye decolorized medium was observed which suggested its mineralization. Induction in the activities of azoreductase (159{\%}) and NADH-DCIP reductase (88{\%}) provided an evidence for reductive cleavage of dye RB 172. The HPLC, FTIR, and GC-MS analysis of decolorized products confirmed the degradation of dye into various metabolites. The proposed metabolic pathway for biodegradation of RB 172 has been elucidated which showed the formation of 2 intermediate metabolites, namely, 4-(ethenylsulfonyl) aniline and 1-amino-1-(4-aminophenyl) propan-2-one. The acute and phytotoxicity evaluation of degraded metabolites suggests that bacterial strain favors the detoxification of dye RB 172. Thus, WB could be utilized as a low-cost growth medium for the enrichment of bacteria and their further use for biodegradation of azo dyes and its derivatives containing wastes into nontoxic form.",
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Low-cost biodegradation and detoxification of textile Azo Dye C.I. reactive blue 172 by providencia rettgeri strain HSL1. / Lade, Harshad; Govindwar, Sanjay; Paul, Diby.

In: Journal of Chemistry, Vol. 2015, 894109, 01.01.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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