Now, more than ever, precise workmanship is required for high-rises, intelligent buildings, warehouses operated by air pallets, and other advanced facilities. For precise workmanship in building construction, flatness and levelness are important factors. However, since the importance of flatness and levelness is often underestimated, costly results occur. The introduction of new technologies in level surveying have the potential to help achieve more precise construction, increase productivity, and improve quality. The main purposes of this paper are: 1) to discuss the importance of level surveying in building construction, 2) to review the currently available level surveying equipment in the market, and 3) to evaluate the leveling devices through a systematic comparison.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - 1997 Dec 1|
|Event||Proceedings of the 1997 5th ASCE Construction Congress - Minneapolis, MN, USA|
Duration: 1997 Oct 4 → 1997 Oct 8
|Other||Proceedings of the 1997 5th ASCE Construction Congress|
|City||Minneapolis, MN, USA|
|Period||97/10/4 → 97/10/8|