La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5: Comparing two highly stable d8 square-planar oxides

Joshua A. Kurzman, Xiaoying Ouyang, Won Bin Im, Jun Li, Jerry Hu, Susannah L. Scott, Ram Seshadri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5, two previously known oxides, are presented as model compounds for examining the role of isolated and immobilized Au3+ and Pd2+ ions in heterogeneous catalysis. Structural characterization, stability, surface composition, and electronic structure of these compounds are presented. These are examined in studies ranging from synchrotron X-ray scattering, including pair distribution function (PDF) and maximum entropy method (MEM) analysis, to density functional calculations of the electronic structures. The exceptional stability displayed by these compounds as verified by thermogravimetric analysis can be attributed to the presence of covalent Au-O and Pd-O interactions revealed in MEM studies, which suggests a criterion for stabilizing these highly oxophobic transition metals in oxide environments. Catalytic testing of the two compounds as heterogeneous catalysts in the oxidation of CO to CO2 are presented. La2BaPdO5 appears to be an effective catalyst for CO oxidation, despite the low surface area of the oxide being used. This is the first time that a fully ordered (rather than doped) Pd2+ oxide had been used to catalyze CO oxidation. La4LiAuO8 on the other hand, is much less effective at catalyzing CO oxidation. Differences in the reactivities of the two compounds are discussed with respect to differences in their density functional electronic structures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4670-4680
Number of pages11
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Volume49
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2010 May 17

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Carbon Monoxide
Oxides
Maximum entropy methods
Electronic structure
Oxidation
maximum entropy method
oxidation
oxides
electronic structure
surface stability
catalysts
Catalysts
X ray scattering
Synchrotrons
Surface structure
Catalysis
catalysis
Distribution functions
Transition metals
Density functional theory

Cite this

Kurzman, J. A., Ouyang, X., Im, W. B., Li, J., Hu, J., Scott, S. L., & Seshadri, R. (2010). La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5: Comparing two highly stable d8 square-planar oxides. Inorganic Chemistry, 49(10), 4670-4680. https://doi.org/10.1021/ic100486g
Kurzman, Joshua A. ; Ouyang, Xiaoying ; Im, Won Bin ; Li, Jun ; Hu, Jerry ; Scott, Susannah L. ; Seshadri, Ram. / La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5 : Comparing two highly stable d8 square-planar oxides. In: Inorganic Chemistry. 2010 ; Vol. 49, No. 10. pp. 4670-4680.
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Kurzman, JA, Ouyang, X, Im, WB, Li, J, Hu, J, Scott, SL & Seshadri, R 2010, 'La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5: Comparing two highly stable d8 square-planar oxides', Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 49, no. 10, pp. 4670-4680. https://doi.org/10.1021/ic100486g

La4LiAuO8 and La2BaPdO5 : Comparing two highly stable d8 square-planar oxides. / Kurzman, Joshua A.; Ouyang, Xiaoying; Im, Won Bin; Li, Jun; Hu, Jerry; Scott, Susannah L.; Seshadri, Ram.

In: Inorganic Chemistry, Vol. 49, No. 10, 17.05.2010, p. 4670-4680.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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