Kinetics of aluminum dross dissolution in sec-butyl alcohol for aluminum sec-butoxide

Seung Joon Yoo, Dong Heui Kwak, Se Ii Lee, Jin Geol Kim, Jai Koo Park, Ho Sung Yoon, Hee Dong Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Al sec-butoxide (ASB) has been used as a precursor for activated aluminas but its cost is higher than any other type of precursor. This study was carried out on the dissolution kinetics for synthesis of the ASB from Al dross waste. The reaction was performed under the molar ratio of Al dross and sec-butyl alcohol (SBA) of 3 mol SBA/mol Al with a catalyst of 10-3 mol HgI2/mol Al and three different dissolution temperatures of 80, 90 and 100 °C. The Al reactant was used with Al dross of 3-5 mm size range. As a result of the experiment, the dissolution reaction gave a 65% yield after 24 h. The dissolution mechanism was determined by the shrinking core model assumed by the shape of spherical particles. Especially, the kinetic data were well fitted by a chemical reaction in the model. By the Arrhenius equation, the apparent activation energy was determined to be 40.9 kJ mol-1 at the given reaction temperatures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)617-622
Number of pages6
JournalAdvanced Powder Technology
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2011 Sep 1

Keywords

  • Aluminum dross
  • Aluminum sec-butoxide
  • Dissolution
  • Kinetics
  • Shrinking core model

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