In the supply chain realm, Reverse Logistics (RL) is a feasible strategy to comply with environmental regulations because it can contribute to increasing resource-efficiency by recollecting and refurbishing leftover wastes. However, RL unavoidably causes environmental burdens due to the uses of transportation vehicles. Thus, it is critical to develop an environmentally-conscious transportation model that can improve resource-efficiency through reducing subsidiary materials under given circumstance. Additionally, such the model’s environmental performance should be quantitatively analyzed through a common methodology, Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). However, the dynamic, various and complex characteristics in RL are major obstacles of the application of LCA, which is mainly targeted at static product systems. This paper presents: the proposition of an environmentally-conscious transportation model, the design of an integration method of LCA with RL, and the application of LCA to a case of home appliances in an RL network.
- Environmental consciousness
- Green supply chain management
- Life cycle assessment
- Reverse logistics