The effects of in-situ NH3 plasma passivation on the interface between atomic layer deposited HfO2 and Ga-face n-GaN substrate in metal-oxidesemiconductor (MOS) devices were investigated by varying plasma power and exposure time and compared with GaN MOS device without plasma passivation. ALD HfO2-GaN device with in-situ NH3 plasma treatment shows improved electrical characteristics including negligible frequency dispersion at the near flat-band voltage region, lower hysteresis (∼10 mV), suppressed oxide capacitance dispersion in the accumulation (2.2%), lower leakage current density (5.21 × 10−2 A/cm2 at 1 V), and low interface state density (Dit) of ∼6.77 × 1011 eV−1 cm−2 at Ec-Et = 0.3 eV using an optimized plasma passivation exposure time of 10 min and power of 50 W. These results are attributed that NH3 plasma treatment could eliminate carbon species and detrimental sub-GaOx as well as passivate the surface and bulk defects on GaN caused by Ga-N dissociation.
- GaN MOSCAP
- In- situ NH plasma passivation
- Interface state density