Induction of microsomal epoxide hydrolase by sulfur amino acid deprivation via the pathway of C-Jun N-terminal kinase and its extracellular exposure during cell death

Keon Wook Kang, Raymond F. Novak, Chang Ho Lee, Sang Geon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microsomal epoxide hydrolase (mEH), an epoxide detoxifying enzyme and putative cell surface autoantigen, is inducible by xenobiotics and by certain pathophysiological conditions (e.g., tumorigenesis and protein-calorie malnutrition). The present study was designed to determine mEH expression in H4IIE cells during cell death initiated by sulfur amino acid deprivation (SAAD) and to identify the signaling pathway for the enzyme induction. SAAD induced cell death at 48-72 h with translocation of Bax to mitochondria and increased mitochondrial permeability with cytochrome c release, both of which were prevented by SB203580 or by dominant-negative JNK1 [JNK1(-)] stable transfection. Caspase-3 activity was only marginally increased by SAAD. Neither genomic DNA fragmentation nor poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage was observed during SAAD-induced cell death. Thus, SAAD induced cell death independent of caspase activation. This was supported by the observation that benzyloxycarbonyl-Val-Ala-Asp-fluoromethyl ketone, a general caspase inhibitor, did not prevent cell death. The levels of mEH mRNA and protein were notably increased in cells under SAAD for 48-72 h. The induction of mEH occurred in parallel with cell death. Whereas SAAD-induced cell death resulted from both JNK1 and p38 kinase activation, mEH induction was decreased only by JNK1(-) transfection. Immunocytochemistry revealed that mEH protein was intensely stained in dying cells, cellular fragments and cell debris. Furthermore, the number of cells positive for surface mEH substantially increased by SAAD, as evidenced by flow cytometry analysis. These results demonstrated that SAAD induced nonapoptotic cell death with Bax translocation to mitochondria and mitochondrial cytochrome c release, but not through caspase-3 activation, and that mEH was induced by SAAD via the pathway of JNK1, but not ERK1/2 or p38 kinase, in parallel with cell death.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1017-1032
Number of pages16
JournalFree Radical Biology and Medicine
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002 May 15

Keywords

  • Caspase-3
  • Cell death
  • Cytochrome c
  • Free radicals
  • JNK
  • MAP kinases
  • Microsomal epoxide hydrolase

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