An experimental and numerical study was conducted to investigate the effect of the nozzle layout on the combustion and emission characteristics for stoichiometric diesel combustion. In order to improve fuel-air mixing, a new concept of nozzle layout was studied. The nozzle has two spray angles, one heading for the bowl and the other targeting the squish area (two-spray-angle nozzle (2SAN)). The spray included angles of the nozzle layout are 150° (upper holes) and 70° (lower holes), and the start-of-injection timings were swept from -33° to -9° after top dead centre. The results of the 2SAN were compared with those of a well-characterized baseline single-hole nozzle (SHN) with a 130° spray included angle. The experimental results showed that the engine performance and carbon monoxide emissions were reduced significantly by using the 2SAN instead of the SHN with stoichiometric diesel combustion. However, hydrocarbon emissions were increased owing to fuel-film formation. In addition, the range of optimal injection timings for reduced fuel consumption for the 2SAN is wider than that of the SHN because the upper spray of the 2SAN utilizes oxygen in the squish area more efficiently.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering|
|State||Published - 2010 Aug 1|
- common-rail diesel engine
- stoichiometric diesel combustion
- two-spray-angle nozzle