Impact of redox-mediators in the degradation of olsalazine by marine-derived fungus, Aspergillus aculeatus strain bpo2: Response surface methodology, laccase stability and kinetics

Paul Olusegun Bankole, Kirk Taylor Semple, Byong Hun Jeon, Sanjay Prabhu Govindwar

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

The indiscriminate disposal of olsalazine in the environment poses a threat to human health and natural ecosystems because of its cytotoxic and genotoxic nature. In the present study, degradation efficiency of olsalazine by the marine-derived fungus, Aspergillus aculeatus (MT492456) was investigated. Optimization of physicochemical parameters (pH. Temperature, Dry weight) and redox mediators {(2,20-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) diammonium salt (ABTS), p-Coumaric acid and 1-hydroxybenzotriazole (HOBT)} was achieved with Response Surface Methodology (RSM)-Box-Behnken Design (BBD) resulting in 89.43% removal of olsalazine on 7th day. The second-order polynomial regression model was found to be statistically significant, adequate and fit with p < 0.0001, F value=41.87 and correlation coefficient (R2=0.9826). Biotransformation was enhanced in the redox mediator-laccase systems resulting in 99.5% degradation of olsalazine. The efficiency of ABTS in the removal of olsalazine was more pronounced than HOBT and p-Coumaric acid in the laccase-mediator system. This is attributed to the potent nature of the electron transfer mechanism deployed during oxidation of olsalazine. The pseudo-second-order kinetics revealed that the average half-life (t1/2) and removal rates (k1) increases with increasing concentrations of olsalazine. Michaelis-Menten kinetics affirmed the interaction between laccase and olsalazine under optimized conditions with maximum removal rate, Vmax=111.11 hr-1 and half-saturation constant, Km=1537 mg L-1. At the highest drug concentration (2 mM); 98%, 95% and 93% laccase was remarkably stabilized in the enzyme-drug degradation system by HOBT, ABTS and p-Coumaric acid respectively. This study further revealed that the deactivation of laccase by the redox mediators is adequately compensated with enhanced removal of olsalazine.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111742
JournalEcotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Volume208
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Jan 15

Keywords

  • Box-Behnken design (BBD)
  • Laccase
  • Olsalazine
  • Polycyclic non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
  • Redox-mediators

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