How effective are pronatalist benefits? A literature survey and a study on Singapore's qualified child relief

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reviews the existing literature on impacts of pronatalist benefits on fertility in various countries, and estimates the impact of the Qualified Child Relief (QCR) on the total fertility rate (TFR) of Singapore. The studies surveyed in this paper generally find that pronatalist incentives contribute to raising the fertility rate, but only to a limited extent. In Singapore, a 1% increase in the QCR is estimated to increase the TFR by 0.1-0.2%. Singapore's fertility rate is also found to be positively correlated with men's earnings and the infant mortality rate, while negatively correlated with women's earnings and the unemployment rate. Evidence that the New Population Policy of 1987 has been effective in raising the fertility rate is also found.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-23
Number of pages15
JournalSingapore Economic Review
Volume50
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005 Apr 1

Fingerprint

Singapore
Fertility rate
Literature survey
Total fertility rate
Mortality rate
Population policy
Unemployment rate
Infant mortality
Fertility
Incentives

Keywords

  • Fertility
  • Pronatalist benefits
  • Qualified Child Relief
  • Singapore
  • Tax exemption

Cite this

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abstract = "This paper reviews the existing literature on impacts of pronatalist benefits on fertility in various countries, and estimates the impact of the Qualified Child Relief (QCR) on the total fertility rate (TFR) of Singapore. The studies surveyed in this paper generally find that pronatalist incentives contribute to raising the fertility rate, but only to a limited extent. In Singapore, a 1{\%} increase in the QCR is estimated to increase the TFR by 0.1-0.2{\%}. Singapore's fertility rate is also found to be positively correlated with men's earnings and the infant mortality rate, while negatively correlated with women's earnings and the unemployment rate. Evidence that the New Population Policy of 1987 has been effective in raising the fertility rate is also found.",
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How effective are pronatalist benefits? A literature survey and a study on Singapore's qualified child relief. / Park, Cheolsung.

In: Singapore Economic Review, Vol. 50, No. 1, 01.04.2005, p. 9-23.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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