Harvesting of freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris using acid mine drainage as a cost effective flocculant for biofuel production

El Sayed Salama, Byong-Hun Jeon, Mayur B. Kurade, Reda A.I. Abou-Shanab, Sanjay Prabhu Govindwar, Sang Hun Lee, Il Seung Yang, Dae Sung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Development of a low-cost harvesting technology could be an effective approach for making microalgal biofuel commercially feasible. The use of acid mine drainage (AMD) to coagulate/flocculate biomass is a cost-effective strategy for addressing this challenge. Here, settling kinetics, flocculation efficiency (FE), and concentration factor (CF) of two morphologically different microalgae species, Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris, were investigated with respect to AMD dosage (5% and 10%) and medium pH (7 and 9). AMD was collected from two different sites, AMD (1) and AMD (2), and increasing its dosage to 10% improved the settling rate, FE, and CF of the floc. At 10% AMD (1) dosage and pH 9, the highest rate constants (k2) for the second order equations were 6.65 × 10-2 and 40 × 10-2 L mg-1·min-1 for S. obliquus and C. vulgaris, respectively; at 10% AMD (2), k2 values were 4.22 × 10-2 and 4.76 × 10-2 L mg-1 min-1, respectively. Similarly, FE/CF values were 89%/25 for S. obliquus and 93%/29 for C. vulgaris with 10% AMD (1); and 81%/17 and 79%/17, respectively, with 10% AMD (2). AMD effectively removed 99.80% of Fe3+, 99.99% of Al3+, 94% of Ca2+, 84% of Mg2+ and all of Na+ and K+ ions from the supernatant. The results of kinetics, EF, and CF measurements indicate that AMDs, naturally rich in iron and aluminum ions, could provide a feasible option for the harvesting of microalgal biomass for biofuel generation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)105-112
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume121
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016 Aug 1

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Biofuels
Drainage
Acids
Costs
Flocculation
Biomass
Kinetics
Ions
Rate constants
Iron
Aluminum

Keywords

  • Acid mine drainage
  • Concentration factor
  • Flocculation efficiency
  • Harvesting
  • Microalgal biomass
  • Settling kinetics

Cite this

@article{557c49cc3c5844e6b4fab3efd4a77e30,
title = "Harvesting of freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris using acid mine drainage as a cost effective flocculant for biofuel production",
abstract = "Development of a low-cost harvesting technology could be an effective approach for making microalgal biofuel commercially feasible. The use of acid mine drainage (AMD) to coagulate/flocculate biomass is a cost-effective strategy for addressing this challenge. Here, settling kinetics, flocculation efficiency (FE), and concentration factor (CF) of two morphologically different microalgae species, Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris, were investigated with respect to AMD dosage (5{\%} and 10{\%}) and medium pH (7 and 9). AMD was collected from two different sites, AMD (1) and AMD (2), and increasing its dosage to 10{\%} improved the settling rate, FE, and CF of the floc. At 10{\%} AMD (1) dosage and pH 9, the highest rate constants (k2) for the second order equations were 6.65 × 10-2 and 40 × 10-2 L mg-1·min-1 for S. obliquus and C. vulgaris, respectively; at 10{\%} AMD (2), k2 values were 4.22 × 10-2 and 4.76 × 10-2 L mg-1 min-1, respectively. Similarly, FE/CF values were 89{\%}/25 for S. obliquus and 93{\%}/29 for C. vulgaris with 10{\%} AMD (1); and 81{\%}/17 and 79{\%}/17, respectively, with 10{\%} AMD (2). AMD effectively removed 99.80{\%} of Fe3+, 99.99{\%} of Al3+, 94{\%} of Ca2+, 84{\%} of Mg2+ and all of Na+ and K+ ions from the supernatant. The results of kinetics, EF, and CF measurements indicate that AMDs, naturally rich in iron and aluminum ions, could provide a feasible option for the harvesting of microalgal biomass for biofuel generation.",
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Harvesting of freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris using acid mine drainage as a cost effective flocculant for biofuel production. / Salama, El Sayed; Jeon, Byong-Hun; Kurade, Mayur B.; Abou-Shanab, Reda A.I.; Govindwar, Sanjay Prabhu; Lee, Sang Hun; Yang, Il Seung; Lee, Dae Sung.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 121, 01.08.2016, p. 105-112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Harvesting of freshwater microalgae Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris using acid mine drainage as a cost effective flocculant for biofuel production

AU - Salama, El Sayed

AU - Jeon, Byong-Hun

AU - Kurade, Mayur B.

AU - Abou-Shanab, Reda A.I.

AU - Govindwar, Sanjay Prabhu

AU - Lee, Sang Hun

AU - Yang, Il Seung

AU - Lee, Dae Sung

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AB - Development of a low-cost harvesting technology could be an effective approach for making microalgal biofuel commercially feasible. The use of acid mine drainage (AMD) to coagulate/flocculate biomass is a cost-effective strategy for addressing this challenge. Here, settling kinetics, flocculation efficiency (FE), and concentration factor (CF) of two morphologically different microalgae species, Scenedesmus obliquus and Chlorella vulgaris, were investigated with respect to AMD dosage (5% and 10%) and medium pH (7 and 9). AMD was collected from two different sites, AMD (1) and AMD (2), and increasing its dosage to 10% improved the settling rate, FE, and CF of the floc. At 10% AMD (1) dosage and pH 9, the highest rate constants (k2) for the second order equations were 6.65 × 10-2 and 40 × 10-2 L mg-1·min-1 for S. obliquus and C. vulgaris, respectively; at 10% AMD (2), k2 values were 4.22 × 10-2 and 4.76 × 10-2 L mg-1 min-1, respectively. Similarly, FE/CF values were 89%/25 for S. obliquus and 93%/29 for C. vulgaris with 10% AMD (1); and 81%/17 and 79%/17, respectively, with 10% AMD (2). AMD effectively removed 99.80% of Fe3+, 99.99% of Al3+, 94% of Ca2+, 84% of Mg2+ and all of Na+ and K+ ions from the supernatant. The results of kinetics, EF, and CF measurements indicate that AMDs, naturally rich in iron and aluminum ions, could provide a feasible option for the harvesting of microalgal biomass for biofuel generation.

KW - Acid mine drainage

KW - Concentration factor

KW - Flocculation efficiency

KW - Harvesting

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KW - Settling kinetics

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