Global value chains and agrifood standards: Challenges and possibilities for smallholders in developing countries

Joonkoo Lee, Gary Gereffi, Janet Beauvais

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

214 Scopus citations

Abstract

The rise of private food standards has brought forth an ongoing debate about whether they work as a barrier for smallholders and hinder poverty reduction in developing countries. This paper uses a global value chain approach to explain the relationship between value chain structure and agrifood safety and quality standards and to discuss the challenges and possibilities this entails for the upgrading of smallholders. It maps four potential value chain scenarios depending on the degree of concentration in the markets for agrifood supply (farmers and manufacturers) and demand (supermarkets and other food retailers) and discusses the impact of lead firms and key intermediaries on smallholders in different chain situations. Each scenario is illustrated with case examples. Theoretical and policy issues are discussed, along with proposals for future research in terms of industry structure, private governance, and sustainable value chains.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12326-12331
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume109
Issue number31
DOIs
StatePublished - 2012 Jul 31
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Agrifood supply chain
  • Food safety
  • Value chain governance

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