Direct–contact membrane distillation (DCMD) can be eminent solution for oily wastewater treatment if the membrane provided is slippery and tolerant to low surface tension complex solutions. This study describes preparation of an anti–oil–fouling omniphobic polyethersulfone membrane using fluorinated silica nanoparticles (F–SiO2@PES) combined with perfluorodecyl triethoxysilane and polydimethylsiloxane for application against oil–In–water (o/w) emulsions. Feed solutions consist of different concentrations of oil (hexadecane), different charge surfactants (anionic sodium dodecyl benzenesulfonate, non-ionic Tween 20, and cationic hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide, and salt (NaCl). The hierarchical re-entrant micro structured surface of the omniphobic F–SiO2@PES membrane and functional groups are confirmed by atomic force microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The anti–oil-fouling and anti–wetting performance of omniphobic F–SiO2@PES membranes are investigated using contact-angle, sliding angles, DCMD tests with multiple foulants of surfactants. Omniphobic F–SiO2@PES membrane exhibited effective anti–oil–fouling and anti–wetting performance against emulsions as no severe fouling and a conductivity rises were evident regardless of surfactant charge and the concentration of components. Flux reduction and rejection rates for the omniphobic F–SiO2@PES membranes are in a range of 5–15% (only) and >99%, respectively, for various combinations of feed solution components.
- Anti–oil–fouling and anti–wetting membrane
- Direct-contact membrane distillation
- Fluorinated-silica nanoparticles
- Oily wastewater treatment
- Omniphobic membrane