Fabrication of a flexible and conductive lyocell fabric decorated with graphene nanosheets as a stable electrode material

Naveed Mengal, Iftikhar Ali Sahito, Alvira Ayoub Arbab, Kyung Chul Sun, Muhammad Bilal Qadir, Anam Ali Memon, Sung Hoon Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Textile electrodes are highly desirable for wearable electronics as they offer light-weight, flexibility, cost effectiveness and ease of fabrication. Here, we propose the use of lyocell fabric as a flexible textile electrode because of its inherently super hydrophilic characteristics and increased moisture uptake. A highly concentrated colloidal solution of graphene oxide nanosheets (GONs) was coated on to lyocell fabric and was then reduced in to graphene nanosheets (GNs) using facile chemical reduction method. The proposed textile electrode has a very high surface conductivity with a very low value of surface resistance of only 40 Ω sq−1, importantly without use of any binding or adhesive material in the processing step. Atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were conducted to study the topographical properties and sheet exfoliation of prepared GONs. The surface morphology, structural characterization and thermal stability of the fabricated textile electrode were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X ray photon spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, Wide angle X ray diffraction spectroscopy (WAXD) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. These results suggest that the GONs is effectively adhered on to the lyocell fabric and the conversion of GONs in to GNs by chemical reduction has no adverse effect on the crystalline structure of textile substrate. The prepared graphene coated conductive lyocell fabric was found stable in water and electrolyte solution and it maintained nearly same surface electrical conductivity at various bending angles. The electrical resistance results suggest that this lyocell based textile electrode (L-GNs) is a promising candidate for flexible and wearable electronics and energy harvesting devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-25
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume152
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016 Nov 5

Fingerprint

Graphite
Nanosheets
Graphene
Fabrication
Textiles
Electrodes
Oxides
Spectroscopy
Flexible electronics
Surface resistance
Acoustic impedance
Energy harvesting
Cost effectiveness
Field emission
Electrolytes
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Surface morphology
Raman spectroscopy
Thermogravimetric analysis
Adhesives

Keywords

  • Conductive
  • Electrode material
  • Flexible
  • Lyocell
  • Stable

Cite this

Mengal, Naveed ; Sahito, Iftikhar Ali ; Arbab, Alvira Ayoub ; Sun, Kyung Chul ; Qadir, Muhammad Bilal ; Memon, Anam Ali ; Jeong, Sung Hoon. / Fabrication of a flexible and conductive lyocell fabric decorated with graphene nanosheets as a stable electrode material. In: Carbohydrate Polymers. 2016 ; Vol. 152. pp. 19-25.
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Fabrication of a flexible and conductive lyocell fabric decorated with graphene nanosheets as a stable electrode material. / Mengal, Naveed; Sahito, Iftikhar Ali; Arbab, Alvira Ayoub; Sun, Kyung Chul; Qadir, Muhammad Bilal; Memon, Anam Ali; Jeong, Sung Hoon.

In: Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 152, 05.11.2016, p. 19-25.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Fabrication of a flexible and conductive lyocell fabric decorated with graphene nanosheets as a stable electrode material

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AU - Sahito, Iftikhar Ali

AU - Arbab, Alvira Ayoub

AU - Sun, Kyung Chul

AU - Qadir, Muhammad Bilal

AU - Memon, Anam Ali

AU - Jeong, Sung Hoon

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AB - Textile electrodes are highly desirable for wearable electronics as they offer light-weight, flexibility, cost effectiveness and ease of fabrication. Here, we propose the use of lyocell fabric as a flexible textile electrode because of its inherently super hydrophilic characteristics and increased moisture uptake. A highly concentrated colloidal solution of graphene oxide nanosheets (GONs) was coated on to lyocell fabric and was then reduced in to graphene nanosheets (GNs) using facile chemical reduction method. The proposed textile electrode has a very high surface conductivity with a very low value of surface resistance of only 40 Ω sq−1, importantly without use of any binding or adhesive material in the processing step. Atomic force spectroscopy (AFM) and Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were conducted to study the topographical properties and sheet exfoliation of prepared GONs. The surface morphology, structural characterization and thermal stability of the fabricated textile electrode were studied by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X ray photon spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, Wide angle X ray diffraction spectroscopy (WAXD) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. These results suggest that the GONs is effectively adhered on to the lyocell fabric and the conversion of GONs in to GNs by chemical reduction has no adverse effect on the crystalline structure of textile substrate. The prepared graphene coated conductive lyocell fabric was found stable in water and electrolyte solution and it maintained nearly same surface electrical conductivity at various bending angles. The electrical resistance results suggest that this lyocell based textile electrode (L-GNs) is a promising candidate for flexible and wearable electronics and energy harvesting devices.

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