Energy performance of an evaporative cooler assisted 100% outdoor air system in the heating season operation

Min Hwi Kim, An Seop Choi, Jae Weon Jeong

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The main thrust of this research is to verify the heating energy reduction capacity of an indirect and direct evaporative cooler assisted 100% outdoor air system (IDECOAS) via actual winter operation of the pilot unit installed in a campus building. A conventional variable air volume (VAV) system was also installed for comparison with the proposed system. By measuring variation of air temperature and relative humidity at each measurement location, effectiveness values of the indirect evaporative cooler (IEC) and the sensible heat exchanger (SHE) were monitored. In addition, the influence of balanced and unbalanced flow conditions between the supply air and the exhaust air on the sensible heat exchange effectiveness was also observed. Fan energy and heating coil energy consumptions were also measured by installing a wattmeter at each device. It was concluded that the IDECOAS shows 60-85% operating energy saving over the conventional VAV system. The sensible heat reclaimed from the exhaust air at the IEC and the SHE reduces the heating coil energy consumption significantly in the proposed system. It was also found that the IDECOAS consumes more fan energy than the conventional VAV, but this penalty is offset by the heating energy reduction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)402-409
Number of pages8
JournalEnergy and Buildings
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun 1



  • 100% outdoor air system
  • Effectiveness
  • Heat reclaim
  • Indirect evaporative cooler
  • Sensible heat exchanger

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