Effect of residual lithium compounds on layer Ni-Rich Li[Ni 0.7Mn0.3]O2

Dae Hyun Cho, Chang Heum Jo, Woosuk Cho, Young Jun Kim, Hitoshi Yashiro, Yang Kook Sun, Seung Taek Myung

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In order to confirm reasons that deteriorate cathode performances, Ni-rich Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O2 is modified by lithium isopropoxide to artificially provide lithium excess environment by forming Li2O on the surface of active materials. X-ray diffraction patterns indicate that the lithium oxide coating does not affect structural change comparing to the bare material. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy data show the presence of coating layers on the surface of Li[Ni0.7Mn0.3]O2. Electrochemical tests demonstrate that the Li2O-coated Li[Ni0.7Mn 0.3]O2 exhibits a greater irreversible capacity with a small capacity because of the presence of insulating layers composed of lithium compounds on the active materials since these layers delay facile Li+ diffusion. Also, the Li2O layer forms byproducts such as Li2CO3, LiOH, and LiF, as are proved by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry. The presence of residual lithium tends to bond with hydrocarbons induced from decomposition of electrolytic salt during electrochemical reactions. And the reaction, accelerated by the decomposition of electrolytic salt that produces the byproducts, causes the formation of passive layers on the surface of active material. As a result, the new layers consequently impede diffusion of lithium ions that deteriorate electrochemical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A920-A926
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2014

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