Effect of radioactive iodine-induced hypothyroidism on longitudinal bone growth during puberty in immature female rats

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Thyroid cancer in children, the most common endocrine malignancy, shows aggressive behavior and has a high recurrence rate after surgical ablation. Radioactive iodine (RAI) treatment is the most effective primary modality for medical ablation of juvenile thyroid cancer, and leads to intentional hypothyroidism. Although several negative impacts of hypothyroidism have been reported in children in response to other antithyroid agents, the combined effects of RAI exposure and hypothyroidism, on growing bones specifically, are unknown. In this study, we investigated the effect of RAI-induced hypothyroidism on the long bones during the pubertal growth spurt using immature female rats. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into a control group, and an RAI-treated group fed with RAI (0.37 MBq/g body weight) twice via gavage. After 4 weeks, we observed a significantly-reduced serum free thyroxine level in the RAI group. The latter group also displayed decreased body weight gain compared to the control. In addition, the lengths of long bones, such as the leg bones and vertebral column, as well as bone mineral content, were reduced in the RAI-treated animals. Our results confirm the negative impacts of RAI-induced thyroid deficiency during puberty on longitudinal bone growth and bone mineralization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-401
Number of pages7
JournalExperimental Animals
Volume67
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018

Keywords

  • Bone growth
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Puberty
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Thyroid cancer

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of radioactive iodine-induced hypothyroidism on longitudinal bone growth during puberty in immature female rats'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this