Effect of NH3 and thickness of catalyst on growth of carbon nanotubes using thermal chemical vapor deposition

Yoon Taek Jang, Jinho Ahn, Yun Hi Lee, Byeong Kwon Ju

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The growth behavior of carbon nanotubes synthesized from C2H2 using thermal chemical vapor deposition method has been investigated. The formation of catalytic cobalt nanoparticles was much enhanced when using NH3 as the environment gas, whereas NH3 introduced during nanotubes growth does not play a key role in growing the vertically aligned nanotubes. The role of NH3 is to obtain the high density of nucleation sites for nanotube growth by inhibiting amorphous carbon generation in the initial stage of synthesis. We found unexpected behavior in terms of the length and growth time during nanotube growth. The length of the nanotubes is inversely proportional to the size of nanoparticle just in the initial stages of growth and thick catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-749
Number of pages5
JournalChemical Physics Letters
Volume372
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003 May 6

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Carbon Nanotubes
Chemical vapor deposition
Nanotubes
carbon nanotubes
vapor deposition
nanotubes
catalysts
Catalysts
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles
Amorphous carbon
Cobalt
Hot Temperature
Nucleation
cobalt
Gases
nucleation
carbon
synthesis
gases

Cite this

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abstract = "The growth behavior of carbon nanotubes synthesized from C2H2 using thermal chemical vapor deposition method has been investigated. The formation of catalytic cobalt nanoparticles was much enhanced when using NH3 as the environment gas, whereas NH3 introduced during nanotubes growth does not play a key role in growing the vertically aligned nanotubes. The role of NH3 is to obtain the high density of nucleation sites for nanotube growth by inhibiting amorphous carbon generation in the initial stage of synthesis. We found unexpected behavior in terms of the length and growth time during nanotube growth. The length of the nanotubes is inversely proportional to the size of nanoparticle just in the initial stages of growth and thick catalyst.",
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Effect of NH3 and thickness of catalyst on growth of carbon nanotubes using thermal chemical vapor deposition. / Jang, Yoon Taek; Ahn, Jinho; Lee, Yun Hi; Ju, Byeong Kwon.

In: Chemical Physics Letters, Vol. 372, No. 5-6, 06.05.2003, p. 745-749.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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