Dynamic solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation system

Concept design, modeling and simulation

Jung Gil Lee, Woo-Seung Kim, June Seok Choi, Noreddine Ghaffour, Young Deuk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the monthly average daily and hourly performances of a solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation (SMDCMD) system with an energy recovery scheme and dynamic operating system. Mid-latitude meteorological data from Busan, Korea is employed, featuring large climate variation over the course of one year. The number of module stages used by the dynamic operating scheme changes dynamically based on the inlet feed temperature of the successive modules, which results in an improvement of the water production and thermal efficiency. The simulations of the SMDCMD system are carried out to investigate the spatial and temporal variations in the feed and permeate temperatures and permeate flux. The monthly average daily water production increases from 0.37 m3/day to 0.4 m3/day and thermal efficiency increases from 31% to 45% when comparing systems both without and with dynamic operation in December. The water production with respect to collector area ranged from 350 m2 to 550 m2 and the seawater storage tank volume ranged from 16 m3 to 28.8 m3, and the solar fraction at various desired feed temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C have been investigated in October and December.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)278-292
Number of pages15
JournalDesalination
Volume435
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018 Jun 1

Fingerprint

distillation
Distillation
membrane
Membranes
Water
modeling
simulation
climate variation
temperature
storage tank
Seawater
water
Temperature
temporal variation
spatial variation
Fluxes
seawater
Recovery
Hot Temperature

Keywords

  • Desalination
  • Direct contact membrane distillation
  • Dynamic operating system
  • Multi-stage concept
  • Solar-powered system (Busan, Korea)

Cite this

Lee, Jung Gil ; Kim, Woo-Seung ; Choi, June Seok ; Ghaffour, Noreddine ; Kim, Young Deuk. / Dynamic solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation system : Concept design, modeling and simulation. In: Desalination. 2018 ; Vol. 435. pp. 278-292.
@article{2324cf8e919b41b98314997734da4c3a,
title = "Dynamic solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation system: Concept design, modeling and simulation",
abstract = "This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the monthly average daily and hourly performances of a solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation (SMDCMD) system with an energy recovery scheme and dynamic operating system. Mid-latitude meteorological data from Busan, Korea is employed, featuring large climate variation over the course of one year. The number of module stages used by the dynamic operating scheme changes dynamically based on the inlet feed temperature of the successive modules, which results in an improvement of the water production and thermal efficiency. The simulations of the SMDCMD system are carried out to investigate the spatial and temporal variations in the feed and permeate temperatures and permeate flux. The monthly average daily water production increases from 0.37 m3/day to 0.4 m3/day and thermal efficiency increases from 31{\%} to 45{\%} when comparing systems both without and with dynamic operation in December. The water production with respect to collector area ranged from 350 m2 to 550 m2 and the seawater storage tank volume ranged from 16 m3 to 28.8 m3, and the solar fraction at various desired feed temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C have been investigated in October and December.",
keywords = "Desalination, Direct contact membrane distillation, Dynamic operating system, Multi-stage concept, Solar-powered system (Busan, Korea)",
author = "Lee, {Jung Gil} and Woo-Seung Kim and Choi, {June Seok} and Noreddine Ghaffour and Kim, {Young Deuk}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.desal.2017.04.008",
language = "English",
volume = "435",
pages = "278--292",
journal = "Desalination",
issn = "0011-9164",

}

Dynamic solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation system : Concept design, modeling and simulation. / Lee, Jung Gil; Kim, Woo-Seung; Choi, June Seok; Ghaffour, Noreddine; Kim, Young Deuk.

In: Desalination, Vol. 435, 01.06.2018, p. 278-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dynamic solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation system

T2 - Concept design, modeling and simulation

AU - Lee, Jung Gil

AU - Kim, Woo-Seung

AU - Choi, June Seok

AU - Ghaffour, Noreddine

AU - Kim, Young Deuk

PY - 2018/6/1

Y1 - 2018/6/1

N2 - This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the monthly average daily and hourly performances of a solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation (SMDCMD) system with an energy recovery scheme and dynamic operating system. Mid-latitude meteorological data from Busan, Korea is employed, featuring large climate variation over the course of one year. The number of module stages used by the dynamic operating scheme changes dynamically based on the inlet feed temperature of the successive modules, which results in an improvement of the water production and thermal efficiency. The simulations of the SMDCMD system are carried out to investigate the spatial and temporal variations in the feed and permeate temperatures and permeate flux. The monthly average daily water production increases from 0.37 m3/day to 0.4 m3/day and thermal efficiency increases from 31% to 45% when comparing systems both without and with dynamic operation in December. The water production with respect to collector area ranged from 350 m2 to 550 m2 and the seawater storage tank volume ranged from 16 m3 to 28.8 m3, and the solar fraction at various desired feed temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C have been investigated in October and December.

AB - This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the monthly average daily and hourly performances of a solar-powered multi-stage direct contact membrane distillation (SMDCMD) system with an energy recovery scheme and dynamic operating system. Mid-latitude meteorological data from Busan, Korea is employed, featuring large climate variation over the course of one year. The number of module stages used by the dynamic operating scheme changes dynamically based on the inlet feed temperature of the successive modules, which results in an improvement of the water production and thermal efficiency. The simulations of the SMDCMD system are carried out to investigate the spatial and temporal variations in the feed and permeate temperatures and permeate flux. The monthly average daily water production increases from 0.37 m3/day to 0.4 m3/day and thermal efficiency increases from 31% to 45% when comparing systems both without and with dynamic operation in December. The water production with respect to collector area ranged from 350 m2 to 550 m2 and the seawater storage tank volume ranged from 16 m3 to 28.8 m3, and the solar fraction at various desired feed temperatures from 50 °C to 80 °C have been investigated in October and December.

KW - Desalination

KW - Direct contact membrane distillation

KW - Dynamic operating system

KW - Multi-stage concept

KW - Solar-powered system (Busan, Korea)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018716903&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.desal.2017.04.008

DO - 10.1016/j.desal.2017.04.008

M3 - Article

VL - 435

SP - 278

EP - 292

JO - Desalination

JF - Desalination

SN - 0011-9164

ER -