Development of equivalent fuel consumption minimization strategy for hybrid electric vehicles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Scopus citations


Power distribution between an internal combustion engine and electric motors is one of main features of hybrid electric vehicles that improves their fuel economy. An equivalent fuel consumption minimization strategy can instantaneously identify the optimal power distribution by converting the battery power into the equivalent fuel power and minimizing the overall fuel consumption. To guarantee the effectiveness of the strategy, it is essential to find the proper value of the conversion factor used to obtain the equivalent fuel power. However, finding the proper value is not a straightforward process because it is necessary to consider the overall power conversion efficiencies and battery charge sustaining strategy for the target driving cycle in advance. In this study, a model-based parameter optimization method is introduced to find the optimal conversion factor. A hybrid electric vehicle simulation model capable of estimating fuel consumption was developed, and the optimal conversion factor was discovered using a genetic algorithm that evaluates its population members using the simulation model. A series of simulations and vehicle tests was conducted to verify the effectiveness of the optimized strategy, and the results show a distinct improvement in fuel economy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)835-843
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2012 Jul 1


  • Equivalent factor
  • Genetic algorithm
  • Hybrid electric vehicle
  • Parameter optimization
  • Supervisory control

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