Democratization, globalization and the linkage of domestic and foreign policy in South Korea

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This article examines the increased linkage between domestic and foreign policy that has been a consequence of democratization and globalization in Korea. It argues that while prior to 1987 foreign policy-making saw very little public input, and while democratization did not lead to a weakening of domestic political institutions nor a rise in nationalism, it did open up domestic political space where foreign policy-making increasingly became part of the contentious electoral competition. The globalization policy, initiated with the purpose of raising Korea's international status, which has remained a goal of succeeding administrations, created a complex interdependency which led to a breakdown in the separation between the domestic and international, and that often brought with it a domestic backlash. As a consequence foreign policy-making, in the absence of a tradition of political compromise, increasingly runs the risk of either inconsistency, or even deadlock.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-198
Number of pages22
JournalPacific Review
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013 May 1


  • Free Trade Agreement
  • South Korea
  • democratization
  • foreign policy
  • globalization
  • linkage

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