Decolorization of textile industry effluent using immobilized consortium cells in upflow fixed bed reactor

Mayur B. Kurade, Tatoba R. Waghmode, Jiu Qiang Xiong, Sanjay Prabhu Govindwar, Byong-Hun Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Textile dyes are xenobiotic contaminants which pose a potential risk on the ecosystem upon their disposal to the water bodies. This study evaluated the efficiencies of different immobilization matrices for its utilization in a reactor with continuous mode operation for decolorization of textile effluent. An effective consortium of bacteria (Brevibacillus laterosporus) and yeast (Galactomyces geotrichum) were immobilized in different support matrices including calcium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam to investigate the decolorization of a model azo dye, Remazol red and textile industry effluent. The microbial consortia immobilized in stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam exhibited 100% decolorization of 50 mg L −1 Remazol red in 11 and 15 h, respectively; however, calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol required considerably more time (20 and 24 h, respectively) for complete decolorization. Among all the matrices, The calcium alginate, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam showed >95% decolorization of textile industry effluent within 48 h. The calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol exhibited stable performance of decolorization with its repeated use for 5 cycles with >76% decolorization. An upflow fixed bed reactor (total volume- 215 mL) packed with the immobilized cells of consortium onto stainless steel sponge attained ∼90% decolorization of textile industry effluent in continuous operation at 10 mL h −1 . The decolorization efficiency of the reactor was well maintained (>90%) when the reactor was used repeatedly for three cycles. The overall results indicated that immobilized mixed consortium cells can be considered as an effective tool for its potential application in removal of xenobiotic textile dyes from the textile industry wastewater with >90% of decolorization efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)884-891
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Volume213
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019 Mar 10

Fingerprint

alginate
Alginate
textile industry
Textile industry
sponge
Effluents
Calcium
Polyvinyl alcohols
Stainless steel
steel
calcium
foam
effluent
Polyurethanes
Foams
alcohol
dye
Textiles
xenobiotics
matrix

Keywords

  • Biotransformation
  • Decolorization
  • Fixed bed reactor
  • Immobilization
  • Microbial consortium

Cite this

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title = "Decolorization of textile industry effluent using immobilized consortium cells in upflow fixed bed reactor",
abstract = "Textile dyes are xenobiotic contaminants which pose a potential risk on the ecosystem upon their disposal to the water bodies. This study evaluated the efficiencies of different immobilization matrices for its utilization in a reactor with continuous mode operation for decolorization of textile effluent. An effective consortium of bacteria (Brevibacillus laterosporus) and yeast (Galactomyces geotrichum) were immobilized in different support matrices including calcium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam to investigate the decolorization of a model azo dye, Remazol red and textile industry effluent. The microbial consortia immobilized in stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam exhibited 100{\%} decolorization of 50 mg L −1 Remazol red in 11 and 15 h, respectively; however, calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol required considerably more time (20 and 24 h, respectively) for complete decolorization. Among all the matrices, The calcium alginate, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam showed >95{\%} decolorization of textile industry effluent within 48 h. The calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol exhibited stable performance of decolorization with its repeated use for 5 cycles with >76{\%} decolorization. An upflow fixed bed reactor (total volume- 215 mL) packed with the immobilized cells of consortium onto stainless steel sponge attained ∼90{\%} decolorization of textile industry effluent in continuous operation at 10 mL h −1 . The decolorization efficiency of the reactor was well maintained (>90{\%}) when the reactor was used repeatedly for three cycles. The overall results indicated that immobilized mixed consortium cells can be considered as an effective tool for its potential application in removal of xenobiotic textile dyes from the textile industry wastewater with >90{\%} of decolorization efficiency.",
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author = "Kurade, {Mayur B.} and Waghmode, {Tatoba R.} and Xiong, {Jiu Qiang} and Govindwar, {Sanjay Prabhu} and Byong-Hun Jeon",
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Decolorization of textile industry effluent using immobilized consortium cells in upflow fixed bed reactor. / Kurade, Mayur B.; Waghmode, Tatoba R.; Xiong, Jiu Qiang; Govindwar, Sanjay Prabhu; Jeon, Byong-Hun.

In: Journal of Cleaner Production, Vol. 213, 10.03.2019, p. 884-891.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Decolorization of textile industry effluent using immobilized consortium cells in upflow fixed bed reactor

AU - Kurade, Mayur B.

AU - Waghmode, Tatoba R.

AU - Xiong, Jiu Qiang

AU - Govindwar, Sanjay Prabhu

AU - Jeon, Byong-Hun

PY - 2019/3/10

Y1 - 2019/3/10

N2 - Textile dyes are xenobiotic contaminants which pose a potential risk on the ecosystem upon their disposal to the water bodies. This study evaluated the efficiencies of different immobilization matrices for its utilization in a reactor with continuous mode operation for decolorization of textile effluent. An effective consortium of bacteria (Brevibacillus laterosporus) and yeast (Galactomyces geotrichum) were immobilized in different support matrices including calcium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam to investigate the decolorization of a model azo dye, Remazol red and textile industry effluent. The microbial consortia immobilized in stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam exhibited 100% decolorization of 50 mg L −1 Remazol red in 11 and 15 h, respectively; however, calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol required considerably more time (20 and 24 h, respectively) for complete decolorization. Among all the matrices, The calcium alginate, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam showed >95% decolorization of textile industry effluent within 48 h. The calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol exhibited stable performance of decolorization with its repeated use for 5 cycles with >76% decolorization. An upflow fixed bed reactor (total volume- 215 mL) packed with the immobilized cells of consortium onto stainless steel sponge attained ∼90% decolorization of textile industry effluent in continuous operation at 10 mL h −1 . The decolorization efficiency of the reactor was well maintained (>90%) when the reactor was used repeatedly for three cycles. The overall results indicated that immobilized mixed consortium cells can be considered as an effective tool for its potential application in removal of xenobiotic textile dyes from the textile industry wastewater with >90% of decolorization efficiency.

AB - Textile dyes are xenobiotic contaminants which pose a potential risk on the ecosystem upon their disposal to the water bodies. This study evaluated the efficiencies of different immobilization matrices for its utilization in a reactor with continuous mode operation for decolorization of textile effluent. An effective consortium of bacteria (Brevibacillus laterosporus) and yeast (Galactomyces geotrichum) were immobilized in different support matrices including calcium alginate, polyvinyl alcohol, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam to investigate the decolorization of a model azo dye, Remazol red and textile industry effluent. The microbial consortia immobilized in stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam exhibited 100% decolorization of 50 mg L −1 Remazol red in 11 and 15 h, respectively; however, calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol required considerably more time (20 and 24 h, respectively) for complete decolorization. Among all the matrices, The calcium alginate, stainless steel sponge and polyurethane foam showed >95% decolorization of textile industry effluent within 48 h. The calcium alginate and polyvinyl alcohol exhibited stable performance of decolorization with its repeated use for 5 cycles with >76% decolorization. An upflow fixed bed reactor (total volume- 215 mL) packed with the immobilized cells of consortium onto stainless steel sponge attained ∼90% decolorization of textile industry effluent in continuous operation at 10 mL h −1 . The decolorization efficiency of the reactor was well maintained (>90%) when the reactor was used repeatedly for three cycles. The overall results indicated that immobilized mixed consortium cells can be considered as an effective tool for its potential application in removal of xenobiotic textile dyes from the textile industry wastewater with >90% of decolorization efficiency.

KW - Biotransformation

KW - Decolorization

KW - Fixed bed reactor

KW - Immobilization

KW - Microbial consortium

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U2 - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.218

DO - 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.12.218

M3 - Article

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EP - 891

JO - Journal of Cleaner Production

JF - Journal of Cleaner Production

SN - 0959-6526

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