Datasets on the production and perception of underlying and epenthetic glottal stops in Maltese

Holger Mitterer, Sahyang Kim, Taehong Cho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


This article provides some supplementary analysis data of speech production and perception of glottal stops in the Semitic language Maltese. In Maltese, a glottal stop can occur as a phoneme, but also as a phonetic marker of vowel-initial words (as in the case with Germanic languages like English). Data from four experiments are provided, which will allow other researchers to reproduce the results and apply their own data-analysis techniques to these data for further data exploration. A production experiment (Experiment 1) investigates how often the glottal marking of vowel-initial words occurs (causing vowel-initial words to be ambiguous with words starting with a glottal stop as a phoneme) and whether the glottal gesture for this marking can be differentiated from an underlying (phonemic) glottal stop in its acoustic properties. Experiments 2 to 4 investigate how and to what extent Maltese listeners perceive glottal markings as lexical (phonemic) or epenthetic (phonetic), using a two-alternative forced choice task (Experiment 2), a visual-world eye tracking task with printed target words (Experiment 3) and a gating task (Experiment 4). A full account of theoretical consequences of these data can be found in the full length article entitled “The glottal stop between segmental and suprasegmental processing: The case of Maltese” [1].

Original languageEnglish
Article number105543
JournalData in Brief
StatePublished - 2020 Jun


  • Eye-tracking data
  • Gating data
  • Maltese glottal stops
  • Phonemic versus epenthetic
  • Prosody
  • Segmental versus suprasegmental processing
  • Spoken word recognition
  • Two-alternative forced choice

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