Control of droplet transfer using a filler-wire in tandem arc welding

Jin young Kim, Jaewoong Park, Junmyoung Jang, Seung Hwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, the tandem flux-cored arc welding process was enhanced to improve weld productivity. Additional filler-wire of opposite polarity was used to prevent deterioration of weld quality that occurred due to arc interaction at two electrodes. Droplet transfer is one of the main factors which determine the quality of the weldment. In the tandem process, it is difficult to control droplet transfer due to arc interaction. In the hybrid welding process developed for stabilising the molten pool, the arc interaction and droplet transfers of the two electrodes in the hybrid process were investigated according to the feeding location and applied current of the filler-wire. This presented a method for improving the penetration depth and bead appearance of the weldment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-129
Number of pages7
JournalScience and Technology of Welding and Joining
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2021


  • Tandem welding
  • additional filler-wire
  • arc interaction
  • bead on plate
  • droplet transfer
  • hot-wire
  • hybrid flux-cored arc welding


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