No specific recommendations are available for the surveillance of young patients aged <50 years undergoing polypectomy. We aimed to compare the risk of metachronous advanced colorec-tal neoplasia (ACRN) between patients aged ≥50 years and those aged <50 years who underwent polypectomy. Studies published between January 1980 and June 2020 that examined the risk of met-achronous ACRN were searched. We performed a meta-analysis for the metachronous ACRN risk in patients with sporadic colorectal adenomas according to the age groups (≥50 vs. <50 years). Eight individual studies were included in the meta-analysis. The risk of metachronous ACRN was higher in patients aged ≥50 years than in those aged <50 years without significant heterogeneity (odds ratio (OR) (95% CI): 1.62 (1.34–1.96), I2 = 14%). The impact of the age group on the risk of metachronous ACRN was identified in both the low-risk (LRA) and high-risk (HRA) adenoma groups (≥50 vs. <50 years: LRA, OR 1.88 (95% CI 1.30–2.70); HRA, OR 1.50 [95% CI 1.13–2.00]). In conclusion, patients aged <50 years had a lower risk of metachronous ACRN than older patients. Young patients with sporadic adenomas do not require more intensive surveillance; rather, the surveillance interval may be extended in these patients.
- Metachronous advanced colorectal neo-plasia
- Surveillance colonoscopy