Comparison of different types of oral adsorbent therapy in patients with chronic kidney disease: A multicenter, randomized, phase iv clinical trial

Youn Kyung Kee, Sang Youb Han, Duk Hee Kang, Jung Woo Noh, Kyung Hwan Jeong, Gheun Ho Kim, Yang Wook Kim, Beom Seok Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Oral adsorbents delay disease progression and improve uremic symptoms in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). DW-7202 is a newly developed oral adsorbent with high adsorptive selectivity for uremic toxins. We evaluated patient preference for and adherence to DW-7202 versus AST-120 therapy and compared treatment efficacy and safety in patients with pre-dialysis CKD. Materials and Methods: A seven-center, randomized, open-label, two-way crossover, active-controlled, phase IV clinical trial was conducted. Patients with stable CKD were randomly assigned to receive DW-7202 (capsule type) or AST-120 (granule type) for 12 weeks. The groups then switched to the other adsorbent and took it for the next 12 weeks. Patient preference was the primary out-come. Secondary outcomes included changes in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and serum creatinine, cystatin C, and indoxyl sulfate (IS) levels. Results: Significantly more patients preferred DW-7202 than AST-120 (p<0.001). Patient adherence improved after switching from AST-120 to DW-7202; there was no apparent change in adherence after switching from DW-7202 to AST-120. Changes in eGFR and serum creatinine, cystatin C, and IS levels were not significantly different according to adsorbent type. There was also no significant difference in the incidences of adverse events during treatment with DW-7202 and AST-120. Conclusion: DW-7202 can be considered as an alternative to AST-120 in patients who cannot tolerate or show poor adherence to granule type adsorbents. Further studies to evaluate factors affecting patient preferences and improved adherence are warranted (Clinical trial registration No. NCT02681952).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-49
Number of pages9
JournalYonsei Medical Journal
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AST-120
  • Adherence
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • DW-7202
  • Preference

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