Clinical outcomes after mini-hook plate fixation for small avulsion fractures around the interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints of the hand

Jung Il Lee, Ki Chul Park, Hyun Soo So, Duk Hee Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Mini-hook plate has been described for the treatment of various small avulsion fragments in the hand. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate clinical outcomes after mini-hook plate fixation in patients with an avulsion fracture around the interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints of the hand. Methods: Nineteen patients with avulsion fractures around the interphalangeal or metacarpophalangeal joints of the hand were included in this study. Seven patients had a mallet fracture, and 12 patients had other phalangeal avulsion fractures including central slip, collateral ligament, volar plate, and flexor avulsion fractures. The osseous union and functional outcomes, including finger joint motion, joint stability, pinching strength, and the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand score, were evaluated. Results: The mean duration of follow-up was 33.8 months. All patients in mallet and other phalangeal avulsion fractures achieved osseous union between the avulsion fragment and phalangeal bone, and there was no joint subluxation. There were no significant differences in the disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and hand scores. However, the patients with mallet fracture have lower mean percentage values of the total active range of motion and pinching strength than other phalangeal avulsion fractures. We abandoned this procedure in mallet fractures because the early results after mini-hook plate fixation in mallet fractures appeared unfavorable. Conclusion: These results suggest that the mini-hook plate fixation can provide sufficient stability and good clinical outcomes in those with phalangeal avulsion fractures. However, the outcomes for mallet fractures were not as good as those for other phalangeal avulsion fractures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number186
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Dec
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Avulsion fracture
  • Hook plate
  • Mallet finger
  • Mallet fracture
  • Mini-hook plate
  • Phalangeal avulsion

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