Clinical characteristics of patients with post-tuberculosis bronchiectasis: Findings from the KMBARC registry

The KMBARC

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Abstract

The clinical characteristics of patients with post-tuberculosis (TB) bronchiectasis have not been well evaluated. We enrolled 598 patients with bronchiectasis who participated in the Korean prospective bronchiectasis registry and compared the characteristics of post-TB bronchiectasis (19.7%) with post-infectious (19.6%), idiopathic (40.8%), and other (19.9%) bronchiectasis. The patients with post-TB bronchiectasis had a lower body mass index, higher rate of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and lower rate of asthma than those in the other groups. The patients with post-TB bronchiectasis had more upper lobe involvement, more severe radiological extent, and worse lung function than those in the other groups. Long-acting muscarinic antagonist/long-acting ß agonist use and mucolytics were more commonly used in the patients with post-TB bronchiectasis than those in the other groups, while inhaled corticosteroid/long-acting ß agonist was less commonly used. There were no significant intergroup differences in bronchiectasis severity scores except for FACED, the number of exacerbations, and quality of life. Post-TB bronchiectasis is characterised by reduced lung function and higher rates of mucolytic use when compared with other bronchiectasis; thus, adequate bronchodilator use and airway clearance techniques may alleviate symptom burden in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4542
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume10
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Oct 1

Keywords

  • Bronchiectasis
  • Treatment
  • Tuberculosis

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