Characteristics of Na-Mg double salt for high-temperature CO2 sorption

Chan Hyun Lee, Sungyong Mun, Ki Bong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel high temperature CO2 sorbent, Na-Mg double salt, was prepared by a precipitation method. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure the thermal stability and to investigate the CO2 sorption behavior at high temperatures. The prepared Na-Mg double salt showed unique CO2 sorption characteristics in the temperature range of 300-500°C. A remarkably high CO2 sorption uptake of 3.48mol/kg (15.3wt%) was measured at 375°C and was maintained during repeated sorption/desorption cycles. Electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine the Na-Mg double salt morphology and structure, respectively. The elemental composition ratio in the Na-Mg double salt was characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and an elemental analysis. In situ X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the CO2 sorption mechanism was based on the reaction of CO2 with MgO and Na2CO3 in the double salt to form Na2Mg(CO3)2. In addition to the high CO2 sorption uptake and good cyclic stability, the Na-Mg double salt showed exceptionally fast sorption and desorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)367-373
Number of pages7
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume258
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014 Dec 15

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Sorption
sorption
Salts
salt
Temperature
Desorption
desorption
X-ray diffraction
Atomic emission spectroscopy
atomic emission spectroscopy
Inductively coupled plasma
Sorbents
Chemical analysis
X ray diffraction analysis
Thermogravimetric analysis
microscopy
Microscopic examination
Thermodynamic stability
plasma
X ray diffraction

Keywords

  • Carbon dioxide
  • Double salt
  • High temperature sorbent
  • Sorption

Cite this

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abstract = "A novel high temperature CO2 sorbent, Na-Mg double salt, was prepared by a precipitation method. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure the thermal stability and to investigate the CO2 sorption behavior at high temperatures. The prepared Na-Mg double salt showed unique CO2 sorption characteristics in the temperature range of 300-500°C. A remarkably high CO2 sorption uptake of 3.48mol/kg (15.3wt{\%}) was measured at 375°C and was maintained during repeated sorption/desorption cycles. Electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine the Na-Mg double salt morphology and structure, respectively. The elemental composition ratio in the Na-Mg double salt was characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and an elemental analysis. In situ X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the CO2 sorption mechanism was based on the reaction of CO2 with MgO and Na2CO3 in the double salt to form Na2Mg(CO3)2. In addition to the high CO2 sorption uptake and good cyclic stability, the Na-Mg double salt showed exceptionally fast sorption and desorption.",
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Characteristics of Na-Mg double salt for high-temperature CO2 sorption. / Lee, Chan Hyun; Mun, Sungyong; Lee, Ki Bong.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 258, 15.12.2014, p. 367-373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Characteristics of Na-Mg double salt for high-temperature CO2 sorption

AU - Lee, Chan Hyun

AU - Mun, Sungyong

AU - Lee, Ki Bong

PY - 2014/12/15

Y1 - 2014/12/15

N2 - A novel high temperature CO2 sorbent, Na-Mg double salt, was prepared by a precipitation method. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure the thermal stability and to investigate the CO2 sorption behavior at high temperatures. The prepared Na-Mg double salt showed unique CO2 sorption characteristics in the temperature range of 300-500°C. A remarkably high CO2 sorption uptake of 3.48mol/kg (15.3wt%) was measured at 375°C and was maintained during repeated sorption/desorption cycles. Electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine the Na-Mg double salt morphology and structure, respectively. The elemental composition ratio in the Na-Mg double salt was characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and an elemental analysis. In situ X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the CO2 sorption mechanism was based on the reaction of CO2 with MgO and Na2CO3 in the double salt to form Na2Mg(CO3)2. In addition to the high CO2 sorption uptake and good cyclic stability, the Na-Mg double salt showed exceptionally fast sorption and desorption.

AB - A novel high temperature CO2 sorbent, Na-Mg double salt, was prepared by a precipitation method. Thermogravimetric analysis was used to measure the thermal stability and to investigate the CO2 sorption behavior at high temperatures. The prepared Na-Mg double salt showed unique CO2 sorption characteristics in the temperature range of 300-500°C. A remarkably high CO2 sorption uptake of 3.48mol/kg (15.3wt%) was measured at 375°C and was maintained during repeated sorption/desorption cycles. Electronic microscopy and X-ray diffraction were used to determine the Na-Mg double salt morphology and structure, respectively. The elemental composition ratio in the Na-Mg double salt was characterized by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy and an elemental analysis. In situ X-ray diffraction analysis revealed that the CO2 sorption mechanism was based on the reaction of CO2 with MgO and Na2CO3 in the double salt to form Na2Mg(CO3)2. In addition to the high CO2 sorption uptake and good cyclic stability, the Na-Mg double salt showed exceptionally fast sorption and desorption.

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