Characteristics of layered tin disulfide deposited by atomic layer deposition with H2S annealing

Seungjin Lee, Seokyoon Shin, Giyul Ham, Juhyun Lee, Hyeongsu Choi, Hyunwoo Park, Hyeongtag Jeon

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Tin disulfide (SnS2) has attracted much attention as a two-dimensional (2D) material. A high-quality, low-temperature process for producing 2D materials is required for future electronic devices. Here, we investigate tin disulfide (SnS2) layers deposited via atomic layer deposition (ALD) using tetrakis(dimethylamino)tin (TDMASn) as a Sn precursor and H2S gas as a sulfur source at low temperature (150° C). The crystallinity of SnS2 was improved by H2S gas annealing. We carried out H2S gas annealing at various conditions (250° C, 300° C, 350° C, and using a three-step method). Angle-resolved X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ARXPS) results revealed the valence state corresponding to Sn4+ and S2- in the SnS2 annealed with H2S gas. The SnS2 annealed with H2S gas had a hexagonal structure, as measured via X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the clearly out-of-plane (A1g) mode in Raman spectroscopy. The crystallinity of SnS2 was improved after H2S annealing and was confirmed using the XRD full-width at half-maximum (FWHM). In addition, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) images indicated a clear layered structure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number045307
JournalAIP Advances
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2017 Apr 1

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