Characterisation of bacterial nanocellulose and nanostructured carbon produced from crude glycerol by Komagataeibacter sucrofermentans

Saehee Lee, Amith Abraham, Alan Christian S. Lim, Okkyoung Choi, Jeong Gil Seo, Byoung In Sang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bacterial nanocellulose (BNC), which has tunable properties, is a precursor of nanostructured energy storage materials; however, the cost of BNC production is challenging. This study uses crude glycerol from the biodiesel industry as a carbon nutrient and first-time carbonised BNC from K. sucrofermentans that is applied in energy storage. From crude glycerol in static cultivation, 6.4 g L-1 BNC was produced with a high crystallinity index (85%) and tensile properties in comparison to conventionally used pure carbon substrates. Carbon materials were derived from the BNC retained fibrous and crystalline features with disordered porous structures. The electrochemical properties of the carbon materials have a specific capacitance of 140 F g−1. This study highlights the valorisation of waste glycerol from the biodiesel industry as a substrate for efficient BNC production and the energy storage potential of carbon derived from BNC as renewable energy materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125918
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume342
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021 Dec

Keywords

  • Bacterial nanocellulose
  • Crude glycerol
  • Komagataeibacter sucrofermentans
  • Nanostructured carbon
  • Supercapacitor

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