Branchial cleft cyst in the parotid gland in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient

Yun Yong Park, Jung Soo Yoon, Seong Sik Bang, Hee Chang Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

In branchial lymphoepithelial cyst (BLEC), which is also known as branchial cleft cyst, the remnants of a branchial arch develop into a cyst, causing swelling. The first case of BLEC in the parotid gland was reported by Hildebrant in 1895. Since then, BLEC in the parotid gland has continued to be reported, but in rare cases. A 45-year-old man presented to our hospital with a swelling of the left cheek of approximately 6 months’ duration. The patient underwent a superficial parotidectomy and was pathologically diagnosed with BLEC. Of note, this was the first case of non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related BLEC of the parotid gland in South Korea. BLEC is a benign condition, but its treatment depends on the presence of HIV infection. In HIV-negative patients, BLEC does not require a further work-up to evaluate metastasis. Our case report describes the diagnosis and treatment of BLEC in a patient without HIV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-194
Number of pages4
JournalArchives of Craniofacial Surgery
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019 Jan 1

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Branchioma
Parotid Gland
HIV
Branchial Region
Republic of Korea
Cheek
Virus Diseases
Cysts
Neoplasm Metastasis

Keywords

  • Branchioma
  • Parotid gland
  • Salivary glands

Cite this

Park, Yun Yong ; Yoon, Jung Soo ; Bang, Seong Sik ; Ahn, Hee Chang. / Branchial cleft cyst in the parotid gland in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient. In: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery. 2019 ; Vol. 20, No. 3. pp. 191-194.
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abstract = "In branchial lymphoepithelial cyst (BLEC), which is also known as branchial cleft cyst, the remnants of a branchial arch develop into a cyst, causing swelling. The first case of BLEC in the parotid gland was reported by Hildebrant in 1895. Since then, BLEC in the parotid gland has continued to be reported, but in rare cases. A 45-year-old man presented to our hospital with a swelling of the left cheek of approximately 6 months’ duration. The patient underwent a superficial parotidectomy and was pathologically diagnosed with BLEC. Of note, this was the first case of non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-related BLEC of the parotid gland in South Korea. BLEC is a benign condition, but its treatment depends on the presence of HIV infection. In HIV-negative patients, BLEC does not require a further work-up to evaluate metastasis. Our case report describes the diagnosis and treatment of BLEC in a patient without HIV.",
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Branchial cleft cyst in the parotid gland in a human immunodeficiency virus-negative patient. / Park, Yun Yong; Yoon, Jung Soo; Bang, Seong Sik; Ahn, Hee Chang.

In: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery, Vol. 20, No. 3, 01.01.2019, p. 191-194.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Yoon, Jung Soo

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